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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Beta 2-adrenoceptor agonists regulate the IL-4-induced phenotypical changes and IgE-dependent functions in normal human monocytes.

The beta 2-adrenoceptor agonists salbutamol and fenoterol were tested for their regulatory effects on human monocyte phenotype and functions, either alone or in combination with interleukin-4 (IL-4). These drugs enhanced in a dose-dependent manner the IL-4-induced membrane and mRNA expression of the low-affinity receptor for immunoglobulin E (IgE) (CD23), as well as the release of its soluble form, sCD23. Salbutamol and fenoterol alone elicited expression of the monomorphic beta 2-chain (CD18) of the leukocyte functional antigen (LFA1) family. This effect appeared to be restricted to CD11b ( CR3) and CD11c (gp 150-95), because CD11a (LFA-1 alpha chain) was not modified. beta 2-Adrenoceptor stimulation was also found to potentiate the effect of IL-4 on CD11b, CD11c, and CD18 expression. In contrast, these agents alone did not alter the level of major histocompatibility complex class II and CD14 antigens or modify their respective up- and down-regulation by IL-4. Ligation of CD23 on IL-4-preincubated (CD23+) monocytes with IgE/anti-IgE immune complexes induced the release of free radicals nitric oxide and of the proinflammatory mediators IL-6 and thromboxane B2 (TxB2). Addition of salbutamol, inactive alone, potentiated the generation of superoxide anion and of nitric oxide generation, as well as the production of IL-6 and TxB2 triggered by CD23 ligation. These results indicate that beta 2-adrenoceptor stimulation potentiates in vitro the IL-4-induced phenotypical and functional changes on monocytes and suggest that such an interaction could occur in IgE-dependent immune reactions.[1]


  1. Beta 2-adrenoceptor agonists regulate the IL-4-induced phenotypical changes and IgE-dependent functions in normal human monocytes. Paul-Eugène, N., Kolb, J.P., Damais, C., Abadie, A., Mencia-Huerta, J.M., Braquet, P., Bousquet, J., Dugas, B. J. Leukoc. Biol. (1994) [Pubmed]
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