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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Mitochondrial dysfunction in yeast expressing the cytoplasmic male sterility T-urf13 gene from maize: analysis at the population and individual cell level.

The urf13TW gene, which is derived from the mitochondrial T-urf13 gene responsible for Texas cytoplasmic male sterility in maize, was expressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae by targeting its translation product into mitochondria. Analysis by oxygraphy at the population level revealed that in the presence of methomyl the oxygen uptake of intact yeast cells carrying the targeted protein is strongly stimulated only with ethanol as respiratory substrate and not with glycerol, lactate, pyruvate, or acetate. When malate is the substrate oxidized by isolated mitochondria, interaction between the targeted protein and methomyl results in significant inhibition of oxygen uptake. This inhibition is eliminated and oxygen uptake is stimulated by subsequent addition of NAD+. Using 3,3'-dihexyloxacarbocyanine iodide [DiOC6(3)] as probe, interactive laser scanning and flow cytometry, which permit analysis at the individual cell level, demonstrated that specific staining of the mitochondrial compartment is obtained and that DiOC6(3) fluorescence serves as a measure of the membrane potential. Finally, it was shown that, as in T cytoplasm maize mitochondria, HmT toxin and methomyl dissipate the membrane potential of yeast mitochondria that carry the foreign protein. Furthermore, the results suggest that the HmT toxin and methomyl response is related to the plasmid copy number per cell and that the deleterious effect induced by HmT toxin is stronger than that of methomyl.[1]


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