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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Lectin binding to chronic inflammatory gingival tissue: possible adhesion mechanisms based on lectin-carbohydrate interactions.

In this study, we analyzed the expression of different leukocyte surface antigens, of the adhesion molecules ELAM-1 and GMP-140 and binding of various lectins and neoglycoproteins in inflamed gingival tissue. Cell suspensions from collagenase-digested gingiva were analyzed by flow cytometry in a FACScan. The expression of ELAM-1, GMP-140, carbohydrate structures and lectins in gingival specimens was also studied by immunohistochemistry. Gingival tissue of patients with active periodontal disease contained between 5% and 50% CD45+ mononuclear cells, consisting mainly of CD19+ cells (B lymphocytes). CD62, resembling GMP-140, and ELAM-1 were strongly expressed on endothelial cells of these patients. Control subjects usually contained almost no CD45+ cells in their gingiva and no CD62+ or ELAM-1-positive endothelial cells could be found in 5 of 6 control persons. Analysis of the glycosylation pattern revealed staining of infiltrating cells by peanut agglutinin (PNA; specificity for galactose), whereas soy bean agglutinin (SBA; specificity for N-acetyl-galactosamine) bound to epithelial cells. An endogenous lactosyl-specific lectin could be detected on endothelial cells by binding of lactosyl-BSA. Ulex europeus I agglutinin (UEA-1, specific for fucose) showed selective staining of endothelial and epithelial cells. Expression of a fucose-binding lectin, demonstrated by binding of fucosylated BSA, could be found on infiltrating cells. The adhesion molecules ELAM-1 and GMP-140 seem to be involved in cell adhesion during chronic inflammation of the gingiva. Interaction of other carbohydrate residues with endogenous lectins might resemble additional adhesion mechanisms in inflamed gingiva.[1]


  1. Lectin binding to chronic inflammatory gingival tissue: possible adhesion mechanisms based on lectin-carbohydrate interactions. Krugluger, W., Lill, W., Nell, A., Katzensteiner, S., Sperr, W., Förster, O. J. Periodont. Res. (1993) [Pubmed]
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