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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Developmental expression of testis messenger ribonucleic acids in the rat following propylthiouracil-induced neonatal hypothyroidism.

Propylthiouracil- (PTU) induced transient neonatal hypothyroidism increases adult rat testis weight 80-100%; this effect involves prolongation of Sertoli cell proliferation. To gain insight into developmental effects of PTU on the testis, we used Northern analysis to examine chronological expression of Sertoli cell mRNA in postnatal rat testes from rats that were untreated (controls) or were given PTU from birth to Day 25. Treated rats showed prolonged early expression of genes associated with dividing Sertoli cells such as MIS (Müllerian inhibiting substance) and c-erbA alpha (thyroid hormone receptor). Expression of several other Sertoli cell mRNAs (androgen-binding protein [ABP], clusterin, and inhibin-beta B) was delayed, as was that of hemiferrin, a spermatid-specific mRNA. Temporal expression patterns for other mRNAs (sulfated glycoprotein [SGP]-1, transferrin, and inhibin-alpha) were similar in control and treated animals. Additionally, thyroid hormone replacement in PTU-treated animals decreased MIS and c-erbA alpha mRNA expression to control levels. The altered developmental pattern of expression of a number of major Sertoli cell genes reflects a prolonged mitogenesis and delayed maturation of Sertoli cells in neonatally hypothyroid animals. Furthermore, our results suggest that thyroid hormone may directly potentiate molecular events associated with cessation of Sertoli cell proliferation and maturation during early testis development.[1]


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