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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Abnormal gene expression and regulation in the liver of jvs mice with systemic carnitine deficiency.

Carnitine-deficient jvs mice expressed reduced levels of a group of genes which are preferentially expressed in the liver, including urea cycle enzyme genes (Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1138, 167-171, 1992). The expression of alpha-fetoprotein and aldolase A was elevated, indicating that the liver of jvs mice is undifferentiated or dedifferentiated (FEBS Lett. 311, 63-66, 1992). Studies of the hormone signal transduction pathway showed that serum cortisol and plasma glucagon levels of jvs mice were 2 and 3 times higher, respectively, than those of normal mice, and that the hormone binding activity of glucocorticoid receptor (GR) in the cytosol of jvs liver was 50% of normal mice, which reflected the amount of receptor protein in the cytosol. On the other hand, GR protein accumulated in the nuclear fraction in jvs mice. Exogenously administrated dexamethasone induced carbamoyl phosphate synthetase (CPS) and tyrosine aminotransferase (TAT) mRNAs in jvs mice, indicating that CPS and TAT genes in jvs mice are responsive to induction by glucocorticoid and cAMP. Analysis of transacting factors by gel retardation assay revealed that HNF-1, COUP-TF and SP-1 were detected at almost the same level in the hepatic nuclear fraction of jvs mice as in normal littermates, and C/EBP and CREB were a little higher in jvs mice, suggesting that these factors are probably not targets of jvs mutation causing abnormal gene expression in the liver. On the other hand, AP-1 binding activity was much higher in jvs mice from an early age, preceding the abnormal expression of urea cycle enzyme, and carnitine administration normalized AP-1 binding activity. We suggest that elevated AP-1 binding induced by carnitine deficiency is closely connected with the abnormal gene expression in the liver.[1]


  1. Abnormal gene expression and regulation in the liver of jvs mice with systemic carnitine deficiency. Tomomura, M., Imamura, Y., Tomomura, A., Horiuchi, M., Saheki, T. Biochim. Biophys. Acta (1994) [Pubmed]
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