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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Isolation of the heme-thiolate enzyme cytochrome P-450TYR, which catalyzes the committed step in the biosynthesis of the cyanogenic glucoside dhurrin in Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench.

The cytochrome P-450 enzyme (hemethiolate enzyme) that catalyzes the N-hydroxylation of L-tyrosine to N-hydroxytyrosine, the committed step in the biosynthesis of the cyanogenic glucoside dhurrin, has been isolated from microsomes prepared from etiolated seedlings of Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench. The cytochrome P-450 enzyme was solubilized with the detergents Renex 690, reduced Triton X-100, and 3-[(3-cholamidopropyl)dimethylammonio]-1-propanesulfonate and isolated by ion-exchange (DEAE-Sepharose) and dye (Cibacron blue and reactive red 120) column chromatography. To prevent irreversible aggregation of the cytochrome P-450 enzyme, the isolation procedure was designed without any concentration step--i.e., with dilution of the ion-exchange gel with gel filtration material. The isolated enzyme, which we designate the cytochrome P-450TYR enzyme, gives rise to the specific formation of a type I substrate binding spectrum in the presence of L-tyrosine. The microsomal preparation contains 0.2 nmol of total cytochrome P-450/mg of protein. The cytochrome P-450TYR enzyme is estimated to constitute approximately 20% of the total cytochrome P-450 content of the microsomal membranes and about 0.2% of their total protein content. The apparent molecular mass of the cytochrome P-450TYR enzyme is 57 kDa, and the N-terminal amino acid sequence is ATMEVEAAAATVLAAP. A polyclonal antibody raised against the isolated cytochrome P-450TYR enzyme is specific as monitored by Western blot analysis and inhibits the in vitro conversion of L-tyrosine to p-hydroxymandelonitrile catalyzed by the microsomal system. The cytochrome P-450TYR enzyme exhibits high substrate specificity and acts as an N-hydroxylase on a single endogenous substrate. The reported isolation procedure based on dye columns constitutes a gentle isolation method for cytochrome P-450 enzymes and is of general use as indicated by its ability to separate cytochrome P-450TYR from the cytochrome P-450 enzyme catalyzing the C-hydroxylation of p-hydroxyphenylacetonitrile and from cinnamic acid 4-hydroxylase.[1]


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