The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

17 beta-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2: chromosomal assignment and progestin regulation of gene expression in human endometrium.

The cDNAs for two separate human 17 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases (17 beta-HSD) have been isolated and sequenced. The well-studied human placental cytosolic 17 beta-HSD (also referred to as estradiol dehydrogenase) preferentially catalyzes the reduction of estrone to estradiol-17 beta and the reduction of the C-20-ketone of progesterone to 20 alpha-dihydroprogesterone. This isoform of the enzyme has been referred to as 17 beta-HSD type 1 and localized to chromosome 17. A second 17 beta-HSD isoform (referred to as type 2) is localized in the endoplasmic reticulum of human trophoblast and is characterized by the preferential oxidation of the C-17 beta-hydroxyl group of C18- and C19-steroids and the C-20 alpha-hydroxyl group of 20 alpha-dihydroprogesterone. In this study, we determined the chromosomal localization of human 17 beta-HSD type 2, the expression of this gene in human endometrium, and the tissue distribution of the mRNA. We found that the human 17 beta-HSD type 2 gene is localized on chromosome 16, 16q24. 17 beta-HSD type 2 mRNA (approximately 1.5 kb) was identified in human endometrial tissues by Northern analysis of total RNA (10 micrograms). The highest levels of 17 beta-HSD type 2 mRNA were found in endometrial tissues obtained during the mid- to late secretory phase of the ovarian cycle (i.e., during the time of high plasma levels of progesterone). 17 beta-HSD type 2 mRNA levels were much greater in glandular epithelium than in the stromal cells isolated from secretory phase endometrium. The levels of 17 beta-HSD type 2 mRNA in secretory phase endometrium were approximately one-tenth that in villous trophoblast tissue from human placenta. We did not detect 17 beta-HSD type 1 mRNA in endometrial tissue by Northern analysis of total (10 micrograms) RNA. These findings are consistent with the view that the progestin-regulated 17 beta-HSD of the glandular epithelium of the human endometrium is primarily, if not exclusively, the product of the 17 beta-HSD type 2 gene. 17 beta-HSD type 2 mRNA was present in human placenta, liver, and small intestine; much smaller amounts, barely detectable by Northern analysis of poly(A)+ RNA, were present in prostate, kidney, pancreas, and colon, but not in heart, brain, skeletal muscle, spleen, thymus, ovary, or testis.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities