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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A new nuclear suppressor system for a mitochondrial RNA polymerase mutant identifies an unusual zinc-finger protein and a polyglutamine domain protein in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

A yeast strain with a point mutation in the nuclear gene for the core subunit of mitochondrial RNA polymerase was used to isolate new extragenic suppressors. Spontaneously occurring phenotypical revertants were analysed by crosses with the wild-type and tetrad dissection. One of the new nuclear suppressor mutants was characterized by temperature-sensitive growth on non-fermentable carbon sources. This mutant was transformed with a genomic yeast library. Two independent types of DNA clones were isolated which both complemented the temperature-sensitive defect. Subcloning and DNA sequencing identified two novel yeast genes which code for proteins with the characteristic features of transcription factors. Both factors exhibit highly structured protein domains consisting of runs and clusters of asparagine and glutamine residues. One of the proteins contains in addition zinc-finger domains of the C2H2-type. Therefore the genes are proposed to be named AZF1 (asparagine-rich zinc-finger protein) and PGD1 (polyglutamine domain protein). Gene disruption of both reading frames has no detectable influence on the vegetative growth on complete glucose or glycerol media, indicating that the genes may act as high copy number suppressors of the mutant defect. Additional transformation experiments showed that AZF1 is also an efficient suppressor for the original defect in the core subunit of mitochondrial RNA polymerase.[1]


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