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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Biochemical and immunological characterization of multiple glycoforms of mouse mast cell protease 1: comparison with an isolated murine serosal mast cell protease (MMCP-4).

Five highly soluble, chymotrypsin-like, neutral serine proteases, with molecular masses in the range 30-33 kDa, were isolated from Trichinella spiralis-infected mouse small intestine. These enzymes were closely related antigenically on Western blotting and by Ouchterlony double diffusion using a polyclonal, cross-absorbed, sheep antibody raised against mouse mast cell protease-1 ( MMCP-1) and on the basis of N-terminal amino acid sequence analysis, were identified as variant forms of MMCP-1. Substrate and inhibitor analysis confirmed that the five variants ( MMCP-1 A-E) had similar characteristics, although highly significant (P = 0.025 to P < 0.0001) variations in Km and kcat, were detected. Against human alpha 1-proteinase inhibitor the Ki for MMCP-1C (45 pM) was significantly (P < 0.0001) greater than those for the other proteases (0.76-2.2 pM). The differences in electrophoretic mobility are probably a result of variable glycosylation, since removal of N-linked carbohydrate produced a polypeptide of approx. 28 kDa in each case which was, like the native enzyme, immunoreactive on Western blotting. A much less soluble 28 kDa enzyme was isolated from serosal mast cells and identified as MMCP-4 by N-terminal amino acid sequencing. Like MMCP-1 it has chymotrypsin-like substrate specificities with activity at neutral pH. However, it was antigenically distinct from MMCP-1 and, using sheep anti- MMCP-1, was not detected on Western blotting or by Ouchterlony double diffusion, e.l.i.s.a. or immunohistochemistry. This last technique established that the MMCP-1 variants were uniquely present in enteric mast cells, thereby providing a highly selective means of distinguishing the mucosal and connective tissue mast cell subsets in the mouse.[1]


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