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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Molecular and cellular events implicated in local tolerance to kidney allografts in miniature swine.

Long-term tolerance to class I-mismatched renal allografts can be induced in miniature swine by treatment with a short course of cyclosporine (CsA). Kidney recipients treated with CsA and untreated control kidney recipients both demonstrated infiltration of the transplanted kidney by mononuclear cells, which reached a maximum between postoperative days 8 and 11. Recipients that did not receive the tolerizing regimen rejected their grafts between postoperative days 8 and 12 in this model. The kinetics of cytokine gene expression, including interleukin (IL)-1alpha, IL-1beta, IL-2, IL-6, IL-10, tumor necrosis factor, and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), within the grafted kidney of rejector and acceptor animals, were determined using Northern blot hybridization. A strong correlation between rejection and up-regulation of the IFN-gamma gene was observed, whereas animals with long-term tolerance showed low levels of IFN-gamma, but high levels of IL-10 gene transcription. None of the other cytokine genes demonstrated a reproducible pattern of expression that correlated with acceptance/rejection of allografts. Analysis of transcription patterns of cytokine genes in mononuclear cells purified from renal grafts confirmed the initial observations made on biopsies. The phenotype of graft-infiltrating cells (GIC) showed a dominance of CD8+ cells, with an average of 66% single-positive cells and 19% CD4/CD8 double-positive cells, compared with 30% and 14%, respectively, for peripheral cells. Predominance of CD8+ GIC was dictated neither by the MHC antigen disparity nor the rejector/acceptor status. These results, therefore, suggest that GIC represent a regulated combination of mononuclear cells producing local immune mediators that, in part, control the fate of allografts in this large animal model.[1]


  1. Molecular and cellular events implicated in local tolerance to kidney allografts in miniature swine. Blancho, G., Gianello, P.R., Lorf, T., Germana, S., Giangrande, I., Mourad, G., Colvin, R.B., Sachs, D.H., LeGuern, C. Transplantation (1997) [Pubmed]
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