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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Identification and functional analysis of the mouse lens filensin gene promoter.

Filensin (also called CP94; CP95; CP97; 115kDa protein) is a component of the lens-specific beaded filament which is believed to be functionally important in lens fiber cell differentiation and in maintaining lens fiber cell conformation and transparency. A 17.2kb fragment containing the 5'-upstream sequence of the filensin gene was isolated. S1-mapping analysis determined the transcription start point (tsp; +1) which locates at 94base pairs upstream from the initiating ATG on the filensin gene. In addition to a major tsp, a minor tsp (-136) was observed. DNA sequence of the fragment around the tsp (-2144 to +155) was identified. Analysis of the DNA sequence of the promoter region around tsp revealed two motifs with sequence homology to Sox2 and Maf recognition sequences in addition to one GATA-1 site, two Sp1 binding sites, and three AP-2 binding motifs. No TATA-box or CCAAT-motif was found around the tsp region. A series of sequentially deleted fragments of (-2144 to +40) were fused to firefly luciferase reporter plasmid pGL2 and tested for activity in chicken embryonic lens explants. A minimal promoter region for mouse filensin of (-70 to +40) was identified. The lens-specific promoter activity was detected using lens explants cultured within 12h after dissection. The activity was remarkably enhanced by culture in the presence of 5ng/ml of basic fibroblast growth factor. Each one of the Sp1 and AP-2 binding motifs was localized to the fragment of (-27 to +40) using electrophoretic mobility shift assays. These are the first data to identify the basic elements to the 5'-upstream sequences of the filensin gene, namely the tsp and the minimal filensin promoter.[1]


  1. Identification and functional analysis of the mouse lens filensin gene promoter. Masaki, S., Kamachi, Y., Quinlan, R.A., Yonezawa, S., Kondoh, H. Gene (1998) [Pubmed]
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