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Gene Review

CRG  -  CHARGE association

Homo sapiens

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Disease relevance of CRG


High impact information on CRG


Biological context of CRG


Anatomical context of CRG


Associations of CRG with chemical compounds

  • SEARCH STRATEGY: Trials were searched in computerized general (Medline, Embase, Psychlit, Psychindex) and specialized databases (Cochrane Complementary Medicine Field, Cochrane Depression & Neurosis CRG, Phytodok); by checking bibliographies of pertinent articles; and by contacting manufacturers and researchers [13].
  • CHARGE association in a neonate exposed in utero to carbon monoxide [14].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of CRG

  • D2AM is a french CRG beamline installed at the ESRF (European Synchrotron Radiation Facility) in Grenoble, with half of the time dedicated to biological macromolecule crystallography and half to materials science studies (diffraction, wide-angle and small-angle scattering) [15].
  • CRG brings ethics into NIH prenatal gene therapy debate [16].
  • Of CRG patients, 43% were treated with radiation alone and 40% with surgery followed by radiotherapy [17].
  • Thirteen eyes were fitted with conventional rigid gas permeable (CRGP), 10 with soft and 19 with reverse geometry rigid gas permeable contact lenses (RVG) [18].
  • CHARGE association in a child with de Novo chromosomal aberration 46, X,der(X)t(X;2)(p22.1;q33) detected by spectral karyotyping [19].


  1. International collaboration in conducting systematic reviews: the Cochrane Collaborative Review Group on HIV Infection and AIDS. Kennedy, G.E., Peersman, G., Rutherford, G.W. J. Acquir. Immune Defic. Syndr. (2002) [Pubmed]
  2. CHARGE association with choanal atresia and inner ear hypoplasia in a child with a de novo chromosome translocation t(2;7)(p14;q21.11). Martin, D.M., Sheldon, S., Gorski, J.L. Am. J. Med. Genet. (2001) [Pubmed]
  3. A CGH study of 27 patients with CHARGE association. Sanlaville, D., Romana, S.P., Lapierre, J.M., Amiel, J., Genevieve, D., Ozilou, C., Le Lorch, M., Brisset, S., Gosset, P., Baumann, C., Turleau, C., Lyonnet, S., Vekemans, M. Clin. Genet. (2002) [Pubmed]
  4. Charge association vs. velo-cardio-facial syndrome. Lin, A.E. Am. J. Med. Genet. (1988) [Pubmed]
  5. The eye in the CHARGE association. Russell-Eggitt, I.M., Blake, K.D., Taylor, D.S., Wyse, R.K. The British journal of ophthalmology. (1990) [Pubmed]
  6. The heart in selected congenital malformations. A lesson in pathogenetic relationships. Thomas, I.T., Frias, J.L. Ann. Clin. Lab. Sci. (1987) [Pubmed]
  7. Infective Endocarditis in an Adult Patient With CHARGE Association: A Case Report. Antonatos, D., Patsilinakos, S., Touliatou, V., Sotirelos, K., Frisira, E., Tsigas, D. Angiology. (2006) [Pubmed]
  8. CHARGE association in Sweden: malformations and functional deficits. Strömland, K., Sjögreen, L., Johansson, M., Ekman Joelsson, B.M., Miller, M., Danielsson, S., Billstedt, E., Gillberg, C., Jacobsson, C., Norinder, J.A., Granström, G. Am. J. Med. Genet. A (2005) [Pubmed]
  9. Immune deficiency in CHARGE association. Theodoropoulos, D.S. Clinical medicine & research. (2003) [Pubmed]
  10. CHARGE association and secondary hypoadrenalism. James, P.A., Aftimos, S., Hofman, P. Am. J. Med. Genet. A (2003) [Pubmed]
  11. CHARGE association-related ocular pathology in a newborn with partial trisomy 19q and partial monosomy 21q, from a maternal translocation (19;21) (q13.1;q22.3). De Krijger, R.R., Mooy, C.M., Van Hemel, J.O., Sulkers, E.J., Kros, J.M., Bartelings, M.M., Govaerts, L.C. Pediatr. Dev. Pathol. (1999) [Pubmed]
  12. CHARGE association with congenital glaucoma due to maldevelopment of the anterior chamber angle. Katai, N., Urakawa, Y., Sato, Y., Miyanaga, K., Segawa, K., Yoshimura, N. Acta ophthalmologica Scandinavica. (1997) [Pubmed]
  13. St John's wort for depression. Linde, K., Mulrow, C.D. Cochrane database of systematic reviews (Online) (2000) [Pubmed]
  14. CHARGE association in a neonate exposed in utero to carbon monoxide. Courtens, W., Hennequin, Y., Blum, D., Vamos, E. Birth Defects Orig. Artic. Ser. (1996) [Pubmed]
  15. D2AM, a Beamline with a High-Intensity Point-Focusing Fixed-Exit Monochromator for Multiwavelength Anomalous Diffraction Experiments. Ferrer, J.L., Simon, J.P., Bérar, J.F., Caillot, B., Fanchon, E., Kaïkati, O., Arnaud, S., Guidotti, M., Pirocchi, M., Roth, M. Journal of synchrotron radiation. (1998) [Pubmed]
  16. CRG brings ethics into NIH prenatal gene therapy debate. Kolehmainen, S. Genewatch : a bulletin of the Committee for Responsible Genetics. (1999) [Pubmed]
  17. Analysis of patients treated with radiotherapy in the year 1990. Mitsuhashi, N., Niibe, H., Hayakawa, K., Ikeda, H., Yamakawa, M., Tamaki, Y., Takahashi, M. Radiation medicine. (1992) [Pubmed]
  18. Contact lens fitting following unsuccessful refractive surgery. Hau, S.C., Ehrlich, D.P. Ophthalmic & physiological optics : the journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists). (2003) [Pubmed]
  19. CHARGE association in a child with de Novo chromosomal aberration 46, X,der(X)t(X;2)(p22.1;q33) detected by spectral karyotyping. Lev, D., Nakar, O., Bar-Am, I., Zudik, A., Watemberg, N., Finkelstien, S., Katzin, N., Lerman-Sagie, T. J. Med. Genet. (2000) [Pubmed]
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