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Gene Review

rrna  -  16S rRNA

Rhodopseudomonas palustris CGA009

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Disease relevance of rrna


High impact information on rrna

  • The cadA genes were phylogenetically separated between 2,4-D-degrading and nondegrading strains, and the cadA genes of 2,4-D degrading strains were further separated between Bradyrhizobium sp. and Sphingomonas sp., indicating the incongruency of cadA with 16S rRNA genes [3].
  • Representatives of these four major genotypes were tentatively identified as R. palustris based on phylogentic analyses of 16S rRNA gene sequences [6].
  • 16S rRNA sequences of Bartonella bacilliformis and cat scratch disease bacillus reveal phylogenetic relationships with the alpha-2 subgroup of the class Proteobacteria [7].
  • Based on 16S rRNA gene sequences, the 14 strains could be grouped into three distinct clusters (A, B, and C), and this clustering was congruent with that based on gene sequences of form II ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (RubisCO) [8].
  • The relatedness of these species to the glucosamine-containing species of the genus Rhizobium and to Agrobacterium tumefaciens is rather distant as documented by 16S rRNA studies [9].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of rrna


  1. Different lipid A types in lipopolysaccharides of phototrophic and related non-phototrophic bacteria. Weckesser, J., Mayer, H. FEMS Microbiol. Rev. (1988) [Pubmed]
  2. The aquatic budding bacterium Blastobacter denitrificans is a nitrogen-fixing symbiont of Aeschynomene indica. van Berkum, P., Eardly, B.D. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  3. Root nodule Bradyrhizobium spp. harbor tfdAalpha and cadA, homologous with genes encoding 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid-degrading proteins. Itoh, K., Tashiro, Y., Uobe, K., Kamagata, Y., Suyama, K., Yamamoto, H. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  4. Molecular phylogenetic analysis of Nitrobacter spp. Orso, S., Gouy, M., Navarro, E., Normand, P. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. (1994) [Pubmed]
  5. Phylogeny of the phototrophic rhizobium strain BTAi1 by polymerase chain reaction-based sequencing of a 16S rRNA gene segment. Young, J.P., Downer, H.L., Eardly, B.D. J. Bacteriol. (1991) [Pubmed]
  6. Biogeography of the purple nonsulfur bacterium Rhodopseudomonas palustris. Oda, Y., Star, B., Huisman, L.A., Gottschal, J.C., Forney, L.J. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  7. 16S rRNA sequences of Bartonella bacilliformis and cat scratch disease bacillus reveal phylogenetic relationships with the alpha-2 subgroup of the class Proteobacteria. O'Connor, S.P., Dorsch, M., Steigerwalt, A.G., Brenner, D.J., Stackebrandt, E. J. Clin. Microbiol. (1991) [Pubmed]
  8. Analysis of diversity among 3-chlorobenzoate-degrading strains of Rhodopseudomonas palustris. Oda, Y., Meijer, W.G., Gibson, J.L., Gottschal, J.C., Forney, L.J. Microb. Ecol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  9. Lipid A with 2,3-diamino-2,3-dideoxy-glucose in lipopolysaccharides from slow-growing members of Rhizobiaceae and from "Pseudomonas carboxydovorans". Mayer, H., Krauss, J.H., Urbanik-Sypniewska, T., Puvanesarajah, V., Stacey, G., Auling, G. Arch. Microbiol. (1989) [Pubmed]
  10. Community structures and activities of nitrifying and denitrifying bacteria in industrial wastewater-treating biofilms. Satoh, H., Yamakawa, T., Kindaichi, T., Ito, T., Okabe, S. Biotechnol. Bioeng. (2006) [Pubmed]
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