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Gene Review

G0S2  -  G0/G1 switch 2

Homo sapiens

Synonyms: G0/G1 switch protein 2, G0/G1 switch regulatory protein 2
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High impact information on G0S2

  • The human G0/G1 switch gene, G0S2, has potential NFAT-binding sites in the 5' flank and encodes a small basic potential phosphoprotein of unknown function [1].
  • Cyclosporin A inhibits early mRNA expression of G0/G1 switch gene 2 (G0S2) in cultured human blood mononuclear cells [1].
  • G0S2 may be of value as a reporter gene for analyzing the mechanism of action of CsA and its influence on the positive and negative selection of lymphocytes in response to self and not-self antigens [1].
  • Our results suggest that G0S2 expression is required to commit cells to enter the G1 phase of the cell cycle, and that, while not excluding other possible targets, early inhibition of G0S2 expression by CsA may be important in achieving immunosuppression [1].
  • In cells that have been preincubated to lower mRNA levels, there is a transient increase in G0S2 mRNA, peaking between 1-2 h, in response to Concanavalin-A (ConA), or to the combination of phorbol ester (TPA), and the calcium ionophore, ionomycin [1].

Biological context of G0S2


Anatomical context of G0S2

  • Together, these data indicate that G0S2 is a novel target gene of PPARs that may be involved in adipocyte differentiation [2].
  • Surprisingly, the G0S2 mRNA level was highest in brown and white adipose tissue and was greatly up-regulated during mouse 3T3-L1 and human SGBS (Simpson-Golabi-Behmel syndrome) adipogenesis [2].

Associations of G0S2 with chemical compounds

  • G0S2 mRNA increases transiently within 1-2 hr of the addition of lectin or cycloheximide to cultured blood mononuclear cells [3].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of G0S2

  • Using a sensitive, reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay, G0S2 mRNA levels were assayed in cultured blood mononuclear cells [1].


  1. Cyclosporin A inhibits early mRNA expression of G0/G1 switch gene 2 (G0S2) in cultured human blood mononuclear cells. Cristillo, A.D., Heximer, S.P., Russell, L., Forsdyke, D.R. DNA Cell Biol. (1997) [Pubmed]
  2. The G0/G1 switch gene 2 is a novel PPAR target gene. Zandbergen, F., Mandard, S., Escher, P., Tan, N.S., Patsouris, D., Jatkoe, T., Rojas-Caro, S., Madore, S., Wahli, W., Tafuri, S., Müller, M., Kersten, S. Biochem. J. (2005) [Pubmed]
  3. A human putative lymphocyte G0/G1 switch gene containing a CpG-rich island encodes a small basic protein with the potential to be phosphorylated. Russell, L., Forsdyke, D.R. DNA Cell Biol. (1991) [Pubmed]
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