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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
MeSH Review

Minority Groups

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Disease relevance of Minority Groups


High impact information on Minority Groups

  • Relying on biochemical tests such as random plasma glucose, changing the criteria for a positive plasma glucose test, targeting racial and ethnic minority groups, and targeting medically underserved individuals might improve the yield of community-based diabetes screening [2].
  • BACKGROUND: Latino individuals are the largest minority group and the fastest growing population group in the United States, yet there are few studies comparing the clinical features of Alzheimer disease (AD) in this population with those found in Anglo (white non-Latino) patients [3].
  • The CFTR analysis proposed for the screening programme would detect 96% of patients registered in the database, but is unlikely to achieve the desired >80% detection rates in the ethnic minority groups [4].
  • This commentary analyzes the issue from the perspective of the epidemiology of the health of minority ethnic and racial groups in Europe and the United States. Minority groups are usually compared with populations described as White, Caucasian, European, Europid, Western, Occidental, indigenous, native, and majority [5].
  • This observation reflects the fact that the minority groups, previously under-represented in the HLA research pools subjected to SBT, now begin to emerge as a main source of new HLA-C alleles [6].

Biological context of Minority Groups


Anatomical context of Minority Groups


Associations of Minority Groups with chemical compounds

  • The Centers for Disease Control, through its National Center for Prevention Services, provides financial and technical assistance to state and local health departments to develop approaches that are culturally sensitive and linguistically appropriate to reach persons in racial and ethnic minority groups [9].
  • These suggested a difference in response to zidovudine in white and minority groups [10].
  • In Denmark, misuse of paracetamol is suspected in some foreign-born minority groups, although no data have been produced to substantiate this suspicion [11].
  • The differences noted were in larger phytate and fibre intakes in the ethnic minority groups [12].
  • These findings suggest that when family environments are examined in patients from ethnic minority groups, the patients' perspective may be a more potent predictor of outcome than traditional measures of EE [13].

Gene context of Minority Groups

  • A total of 296 healthy males belonging to three national minority groups, Li, Miao and Hui, in Hainan Island, China, were screened for G6PD deficiency [14].
  • The NNAT was moderately correlated with achievement for the total sample and correlated similarly with achievement for the White and ethnic minority groups [15].
  • Predicting WAIS-R scores from the Revised Beta for low functioning minority group offenders [16].
  • Spatial variations in ethnic minority group populations in Great Britain [17].
  • There is no evidence that the propensity to intermarry is influenced by 'minority group' effects." (SUMMARY IN FRE)[18]

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Minority Groups

  • This two-part article aims to clarify some of the issues relating to dental care of minority groups, with particular reference to Asian communities. part 1 identified dental health problems characteristic of British Asians, Part 2 now examines some of the barriers to care [19].


  1. PHS grants for minority group HIV infection education and prevention efforts. Bowles, J., Robinson, W.A. Public health reports (Washington, D.C. : 1974) (1989) [Pubmed]
  2. Community-based screening for diabetes in Michigan. Tabaei, B.P., Burke, R., Constance, A., Hare, J., May-Aldrich, G., Parker, S.A., Scott, A., Stys, A., Chickering, J., Herman, W.H. Diabetes Care (2003) [Pubmed]
  3. Earlier onset of Alzheimer disease symptoms in latino individuals compared with anglo individuals. Clark, C.M., DeCarli, C., Mungas, D., Chui, H.I., Higdon, R., Nuñez, J., Fernandez, H., Negrón, M., Manly, J., Ferris, S., Perez, A., Torres, M., Ewbank, D., Glosser, G., van Belle, G. Arch. Neurol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  4. Demographics of the UK cystic fibrosis population: implications for neonatal screening. McCormick, J., Green, M.W., Mehta, G., Culross, F., Mehta, A. Eur. J. Hum. Genet. (2002) [Pubmed]
  5. White, European, Western, Caucasian, or what? Inappropriate labeling in research on race, ethnicity, and health. Bhopal, R., Donaldson, L. American journal of public health. (1998) [Pubmed]
  6. Emerging new alleles suggest high diversity of HLA-C locus. Lebedeva, T.V., Ohashi, M., Huang, A., Vasconcellos, S., Flesch, S., Yu, N. Tissue Antigens (2005) [Pubmed]
  7. Transferrin subtypes in 11 south China minority populations. Chen, J.X., Chen, Q., Xu, J.J., Du, R.F. Hum. Hered. (1992) [Pubmed]
  8. B cell function in acquired "common-variable" hypogammaglobulinemia: proliferative responses to lymphokines. Farrant, J., Bryant, A., Almandoz, F., Spickett, G., Evans, S.W., Webster, A.D. Clin. Immunol. Immunopathol. (1989) [Pubmed]
  9. Disease prevention programs for racial and ethnic minorities. Hinman, A.R. Annals of epidemiology. (1993) [Pubmed]
  10. Ethical dilemmas in continuing a zidovudine trial after early termination of similar trials. Simberkoff, M.S., Hartigan, P.M., Hamilton, J.D., Deykin, D., Gail, M., Bartlett, J.G., Feorino, P., Redfield, R., Roberts, R., Collins, D. Controlled clinical trials. (1993) [Pubmed]
  11. Paracetamol poisoning among immigrants in a department of hepatology. Schmidt, L.E., Dalhoff, K.P. Danish medical bulletin. (2001) [Pubmed]
  12. Iron deficiency in ethnic minorities: associations with dietary fibre and phytate. D'Souza, S.W., Lakhani, P., Waters, H.M., Boardman, K.M., Cinkotai, K.I. Early Hum. Dev. (1987) [Pubmed]
  13. Schizophrenic patients' perceptions of their relatives' attitudes. Tompson, M.C., Goldstein, M.J., Lebell, M.B., Mintz, L.I., Marder, S.R., Mintz, J. Psychiatry research. (1995) [Pubmed]
  14. Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency among three national minorities in Hainan Island, China. Du, C.S., Liu, L.B., Liu, B., Tokunaga, K., Omoto, K. Gene geography : a computerized bulletin on human gene frequencies. (1988) [Pubmed]
  15. Comparison of white, African American, Hispanic, and Asian children on the Naglieri Nonverbal Ability Test. Naglieri, J.A., Ronning, M.E. Psychological assessment. (2000) [Pubmed]
  16. Predicting WAIS-R scores from the Revised Beta for low functioning minority group offenders. Hiltonsmith, R.W., Hayman, P.M., Kleinman, P. Journal of clinical psychology. (1984) [Pubmed]
  17. Spatial variations in ethnic minority group populations in Great Britain. Owen, D. Population trends. (1994) [Pubmed]
  18. Religious intermarriage in Switzerland, 1969-72 and 1979-82. Schoen, R., Thomas, B. European journal of population = Revue européenne de démographie. (1990) [Pubmed]
  19. Ethnicity, health and dental care--perspectives among British Asians: 2. Williams, S.A., Ahmed, I.A., Hussain, P. Dental update. (1991) [Pubmed]
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