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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Vitronectin receptors are expressed by macaque trophoblast cells and play a role in migration and adhesion to endothelium.

The objective of this work was to develop an in vitro system that would extend the usefulness of the macaque as a model for studying trophoblast invasion and spiral artery modification. We sought to determine whether trophoblast cells isolated from early gestation macaque placentas expressed vitronectin receptors and tested the idea that these receptors play a role in trophoblast migration and adhesion. Cytotrophoblast cells were isolated from 40-100 day macaque placentas, cultured, and characterized by immunofluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry. The cells expressed alphaV, beta3, and beta1 integrins on their surfaces. Immunohistochemical analysis of early gestation placentas and decidua basalis confirmed that intravascular trophoblast cells express alphaVbeta3/beta5. Using migration chambers we found that the trophoblast cells migrated towards vitronectin but not towards bovine serum albumin. This specific migration was blocked by preincubating the trophoblast cells with anti-vitronectin receptor (alphaVbeta3/beta5) antibodies. In other experiments, macaque trophoblast cells adhered to myometrial endothelial cells in a time-dependent manner and adhesion was significantly blocked by antibodies against alphaVbeta3/beta5 integrin. The results suggest that vitronectin receptors expressed by macaque trophoblast cells play a role in the migratory activity of these cells and may also be important in mediating attachment to endothelium.[1]


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