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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Molecular cloning and characterization of a dermatan-specific N-acetylgalactosamine 4-O-sulfotransferase.

We have identified and characterized an N-acetylgalactosamine-4-O-sulfotransferase designated dermatan-4-sulfotransferase-1 (D4ST-1) (GenBank(TM) accession number AF401222) based on its homology to HNK-1 sulfotransferase. The cDNA predicts an open reading frame encoding a type II membrane protein of 376 amino acids with a 43-amino acid cytoplasmic domain and a 316-amino acid luminal domain containing two potential N-linked glycosylation sites. D4ST-1 has significant amino acid identity with HNK-1 sulfotransferase (21.4%), N-acetylgalactosamine-4-O-sulfotransferase 1 (GalNAc-4-ST1) (24.7%), N-acetylgalactosamine-4-O-sulfotransferase 2 (GalNAc-4-ST2) (21.0%), chondroitin-4-O-sulfotransferase 1 (27.3%), and chondroitin-4-O-sulfotransferase 2 (22.8%). D4ST-1 transfers sulfate to the C-4 hydroxyl of beta1,4-linked GalNAc that is substituted with an alpha-linked iduronic acid (IdoUA) at the C-3 hydroxyl. D4ST-1 shows a strong preference in vitro for sulfate transfer to IdoUAalpha1,3GalNAcbeta1,4 that is flanked by GlcUAbeta1,3GalNAcbeta1,4 as compared with IdoUAalpha1,3GalNAcbeta1,4 flanked by IdoUAalpha1,3GalNAcbeta1,4. The specificity of D4ST-1 when assayed in vitro suggests that the addition of sulfate to GalNAc occurs immediately after epimerization of GlcUA to IdoUA. The open reading frame of D4ST-1 is encoded by a single exon located on human chromosome 15q14. Northern blot analysis reveals a single 2.4-kilobase transcript. D4ST-1 message is expressed in virtually all tissues at some level but is most highly expressed in pituitary, placenta, uterus, and thyroid. The properties of D4ST-1 indicate that sulfation of the GalNAc moieties in dermatan is mediated by a distinct GalNAc-4-O-sulfotransferase and occurs following epimerization of GlcUA to IdoUA.[1]


  1. Molecular cloning and characterization of a dermatan-specific N-acetylgalactosamine 4-O-sulfotransferase. Evers, M.R., Xia, G., Kang, H.G., Schachner, M., Baenziger, J.U. J. Biol. Chem. (2001) [Pubmed]
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