The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Alterations of vitronectin and its receptor alpha(v) integrin in the rat renal glomerular wall during diabetes.

Vitronectin, a multifunctional glycoprotein present in blood and extracellular matrix, is not only a member of the cell adhesion molecules, but also a regulator of proteolytic enzyme cascades, thereby providing a unique regulatory factor for proteolytic degradation of extracellular matrix and tissue remodeling. Vitronectin interacts with the cell surface through integrins of the alpha(v)-related system. Because vitronectin and its receptor may have a role in various renal physiological and pathological processes, we evaluated their expression in renal tissues of streptozotocin-induced short- and long-term hyperglycemic rats by applying quantitative immunoelectron microscopy and Western blot analysis. Vitronectin was shown over the glomerular basement membrane (GBM) and mesangial matrix (MM), whereas alpha(v) was located along the plasma membrane of endothelial, epithelial, and mesangial cells. Although distribution patterns of vitronectin and alpha(v) integrin labeling in renal tissues from short- and long-term hyperglycemic rats, as well age-matched normoglycemic rats, were similar, increases in their immunoreactive sites were detected in hyperglycemic conditions. Changes also were present in old compared with young normoglycemic animals. The diabetes-related increase in vitronectin was more significant in the GBM than MM, whereas the increase in alpha(v) integrin was as significant in podocytes as mesangial cells. Western blot analysis, performed on isolated glomerular material from normoglycemic and hyperglycemic animals, confirmed those changes. Our results suggest that vitronectin and its receptor, alpha(v) integrin, must have defined roles in molecular mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of both diabetic and aging nephropathy.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities