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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Increased angiotensin II-mediated Src signaling via epidermal growth factor receptor transactivation is associated with decreased C-terminal Src kinase activity in vascular smooth muscle cells from spontaneously hypertensive rats.

We investigated whether upregulation of Src by Ang II leads to increased extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) phosphorylation in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) from spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and whether these processes are associated with altered activation of C-terminal Src kinase ( Csk), a negative regulator of Src. Furthermore, the role of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) transactivation by angiotensin II (Ang II) was determined. Ang II-mediated c-Src phosphorylation was significantly greater (approximately 4-fold, P<0.01) in SHR than in Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY). Ang II increased Csk phosphorylation 2-to 3-fold in WKY but not in SHR. Treatment of the cells with AG1478, a selective EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor, decreased Ang II-mediated c-Src phosphorylation, particularly in SHR. Phosphorylation of cortactin and Pyk2/focal adhesion kinase, Src-specific substrates, was increased by Ang II >3-fold, with significantly greater responses in SHR than in WKY (P<0.05). Ang II-induced ERK1/2 activation was significantly augmented (P<0.05) and sustained in VSMCs from SHR. PP2, a selective Src inhibitor, attenuated these effects and normalized the responses in SHR. Irbesartan, a selective Ang II type 1 receptor blocker, but not PD123319, a selective Ang II type 2 receptor blocker, inhibited Ang II actions. Our results demonstrate that c-Src phosphorylation and Src-dependent ERK1/2 signaling by Ang II are increased in VSMCs from SHR. These processes are associated with blunted Ang II-induced phosphorylation of Csk. EGFR transactivation contributes to Ang II- mediated Src-dependent ERK1/2 signaling. In conclusion, altered regulation of Ang II type 1 receptor-activated c-Src by Csk may be an important upstream modulator of abnormal ERK1/2 signaling in VSMCs from SHR.[1]


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