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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Modulation of Mac-1 (CD11b/CD18)- mediated adhesion by the leukocyte-specific protein 1 is key to its role in neutrophil polarization and chemotaxis.

Leukocyte-specific protein 1 (LSP1) is an intracellular filamentous-actin binding protein which modulates cell motility. The cellular process in which LSP1 functions to regulate motility is not yet identified. In this study, we show that LSP1 negatively regulates fMLP-induced polarization and chemotaxis of neutrophils through its function on adhesion via specific integrins. Using LSP1-deficient (Lsp1(-/-)) mice, we show increased neutrophil migration into mouse knee joints during zymosan-induced acute inflammation, an inflammatory model in which the number of resident synoviocytes are not affected by LSP1-deficiency. In vitro chemotaxis experiments performed by time-lapse videomicroscopy showed that purified Lsp1(-/-) bone-marrow neutrophils exhibit an increased migration rate toward a gradient of fMLP as compared with wild-type neutrophils. This difference was observed when cells migrated on fibrinogen, but not fibronectin, suggesting a role for LSP1 in modulating neutrophil adhesion by specific integrins. LSP1 is also a negative regulator of fMLP- induced adhesion to fibrinogen or ICAM-1, but not to ICAM-2, VCAM-1, or fibronectin. These results suggest that LSP1 regulates the function of Mac-1 (CD11b/CD18), which binds only to fibrinogen and ICAM-1 among the substrates we tested. fMLP- induced filamentous actin polarization is also increased in the absence of LSP1 when cells were layered on fibrinogen, but not on fibronectin. Our findings suggest that the increased neutrophil recruitment in Lsp1(-/-) mice during acute inflammation derives from the negative regulatory role of LSP1 on neutrophil adhesion, polarization, and migration via specific integrins, such as Mac-1, which mediate neutrophil responses to chemotactic stimuli.[1]


  1. Modulation of Mac-1 (CD11b/CD18)-mediated adhesion by the leukocyte-specific protein 1 is key to its role in neutrophil polarization and chemotaxis. Wang, C., Hayashi, H., Harrison, R., Chiu, B., Chan, J.R., Ostergaard, H.L., Inman, R.D., Jongstra, J., Cybulsky, M.I., Jongstra-Bilen, J. J. Immunol. (2002) [Pubmed]
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