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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

CC chemokine receptor 1 enhances susceptibility to Leishmania major during early phase of infection.

CC chemokine receptor 1 (CCR1) is expressed on the surfaces of monocytes, lymphocytes, neutrophils and eosinophils. CC chemokine receptor 1 not only regulates leucocyte chemotaxis, but also plays a role in the regulation of Th1/Th2 cytokine responses. To determine the role of CCR1 in regulation of immune response during Leishmania major infection, we analysed the course of cutaneous L. major infection in CCR1-deficient C57BL/6 mice (CCR1-/-) and compared with similarly infected wild-type mice (CCR1+/+). Following L. major infection, CCR1-/- mice developed significantly smaller lesions containing fewer parasites than CCR1+/+ mice. Furthermore, the severity of the inflammation as assessed by the degree of leucocyte infiltration at the site of infection was similar in CCR1+/+ and CCR1-/- mice. Although both groups developed significant antibody responses following L. major infection, CCR1-/- mice produced significantly lower IgE. On day 20 postinfection, LmAg-stimulated lymph node cells from L. major-infected CCR1+/+ and CCR1-/- mice produced comparable levels of IL-12 and IFN-gamma, but those from CCR1-/- mice produced significantly less IL-4 and IL-10. By day 70, lymph node cells from both CCR1+/+ and CCR1-/- mice produced significant amounts of IL-12 and IFN-gamma but low IL-4. At both time points, the draining lymph nodes from CCR1+/+ and CCR1-/- mice contained similar number of leucocytes. These results demonstrate that CCR1 plays a role in pathogenesis of cutaneous L. major infection. Moreover, they also indicate that CCR1 exacerbates L. major infection in C57BL/6 mice by up-regulating Th2-like response rather than inhibiting Th1 development or/and influencing leucocyte chemotaxis.[1]


  1. CC chemokine receptor 1 enhances susceptibility to Leishmania major during early phase of infection. Rodriguez-Sosa, M., Rosas, L.E., Terrazas, L.I., Lu, B., Gerard, C., Satoskar, A.R. Immunol. Cell Biol. (2003) [Pubmed]
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