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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Concentration-dependent effects of mometasone furoate and dexamethasone on foetal lung fibroblast functions involved in airway inflammation and remodeling.

Lung fibroblasts play a key role in the pathogenesis of airway inflammation and remodeling through the release of mediators and the expression of surface molecules connected with cell-cell and cell-extracellular matrix interaction. The aim of the study was to evaluate the inhibitory effect of two corticosteroids, mometasone furoate (MOM) and dexamethasone (DEX), respectively, on a variety of fibroblast functions: DNA synthesis and proliferation, expression of adhesion molecules [intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1, CD54) and hyaluronic cellular adhesion molecule (HCAM, CD44)] and release of chemokines/cytokines [monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1, eotaxin, interleukin (IL)-6 and transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta]. Cells from a human foetal lung fibroblast cell line (GM 06114) were stimulated with basic fibroblast growth factor ( bFGF) or tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha in the presence of different concentrations (0.01-100.0nM) of MOM or DEX. A significant increase in fibroblast DNA synthesis and proliferation was observed when the cells were stimulated with bFGF (p<0.05), whereas TNF-alpha induced a significant upregulation in ICAM-1 expression and in MCP-1, eotaxin and IL-6 release (p<0.05, each comparison). No changes in HCAM expression and in TGF-beta release were observed (p>0.05, each comparison). The addition of MOM or DEX at the beginning of the cell cultures induced a significant downregulation in fibroblast DNA synthesis and proliferation, ICAM-1 and HCAM expression and chemokine/cytokine release (p<0.05, each comparison). At all the concentrations tested, MOM was more effective than DEX in inhibiting ICAM-1 expression and MCP-1 release (p<0.05, each comparison), whereas no potency advantage for MOM was detected in DNA synthesis, cell proliferation, HCAM expression and in eotaxin, IL-6 and TGF-beta release (p>0.05, each comparisons). These results extend the profile of the anti-inflammatory activity of mometasone furoate to lung fibroblast functions involved in airway inflammation and remodeling.[1]

References

  1. Concentration-dependent effects of mometasone furoate and dexamethasone on foetal lung fibroblast functions involved in airway inflammation and remodeling. Sabatini, F., Silvestri, M., Sale, R., Serpero, L., Giuliani, M., Scarso, L., Favini, P., Rossi, G.A. Pulmonary pharmacology & therapeutics. (2003) [Pubmed]
 
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