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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Matrix metalloproteinases MMP-2, -9 and tissue inhibitors TIMP-1, -2 expression and secretion by primary human osteoblast cells in response to titanium, zirconia, and alumina ceramics.

Osteogenic properties of bone cells are a key parameter governing osseointegration of implant devices. In this context, osteoblasts have a central role via extracellular matrix synthesis and remodeling that they regulate through different protease activity. In this study, we have analyzed the expression of two matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs): MMP-2 (72 kDa) and MMP-9 (92 kDa) and their specific tissue inhibitors TIMP-1 and TIMP-2 in primary human osteoblastic cells. The effect of titanium, zirconia, and alumina ceramics on the synthesis of these proteases was assessed using reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and zymographic analysis. Our results showed that osteoblasts express MMP-2 and -9 mRNA. Furthermore, MMP-2 mRNA expression was decreased by titanium and increased by alumina whereas zirconia did not have any significant effect. Conversely, MMP-9 mRNA expression was stimulated by titanium but decreased with zirconia, whereas alumina induced no significant changes. Zymographic analysis has evidenced pro-MMP-2 gelatinolytic activity in all cell populations with time-dependent increase profile; pro-MMP-9, however, was not detected. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay data confirmed the production of MMP-2 and very low levels of MMP-9. In addition, TIMP-1 was secreted in 24-h-cultured cells and increased to maximal level at 48-72 h whereas TIMP-2 levels were very low. The interactions between human osteoblasts and the studied biomaterials altered both MMP-2, -9 and TIMP-1expression indicating that biomaterials may influence osseointegration and bone remodeling.[1]

References

  1. Matrix metalloproteinases MMP-2, -9 and tissue inhibitors TIMP-1, -2 expression and secretion by primary human osteoblast cells in response to titanium, zirconia, and alumina ceramics. Oum'hamed, Z., Garnotel, R., Josset, Y., Trenteseaux, C., Laurent-Maquin, D. Journal of biomedical materials research. Part A. (2004) [Pubmed]
 
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