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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cytoprotection of vascular endotheliocytes by phosphorylated ascorbate through suppression of oxidative stress that is generated immediately after post-anoxic reoxygenation or with alkylhydroperoxides.

Vascular endotheliocytes BAE-2 underwent the gradually proceeding cell death until 48 h after reoxygenation (Reox) following 3 h anoxia (Anox), but protected by pre-Anox administration with L-ascorbic acid (Asc)-2-O-phosphate (Asc2P), an autooxidation-resistant Asc derivative, but not by Asc itself. This cytoprotection with Asc2P was achieved in a glucose (Glc)-lacking buffer more advantageously than in a Glc-containing buffer where less efficiency had been demonstrated for Asc entry into BAE-2 cells than in a Glc-lacking buffer. Superoxide anion radicals were detected explosively in the extracellular space at 2-5 min after Reox following the Anox treatment of HUVE endotheliocytes, and were thereafter retained at levels as high as approximately one-half of the maximum level until 60 min after Reox, as shown by cytochrome c reduction assay. Superoxide anions at 3 and 60 min after Reox were suppressed by pre-Anox administration with Asc2P, but not with Asc or dehydro-Asc, and were not suppressed by post-Anox administration with Asc2P; the cytoprotection may need the intracellular accumulation of the ROS-scavenging effector Asc that is converted from Asc2P until 3 min after Reox. The ROS-generator tert-butylhydroperoxide (t-BuOOH) also induced both the diminished cell viability and nuclear DNA strand cleavages of BAE-2 endotheliocytes, which were also protected dose-dependently with Asc2P. The cytoprotection was attributed to reduction of intracellular ROS including hydroperoxide and hydrogen peroxide with Asc2P as shown by fluorometry with the redox indicator CDCFH-DA. Thus Anox/Reox-induced cell death can be prevented by Asc2P that suppresses ROS-generation immediately after Reox following Anox more efficiently in the intracellular sphere rather than in the extracellular space.[1]


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