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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Allorecognition of isolated, denatured chains of class I and class II major histocompatibility complex molecules. Evidence for an important role for indirect allorecognition in transplantation.

Classical RT1-A class I and RT1-B class II major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules were purified from DA (RT1avl) spleens, and the individual chains separated and purified by preparative polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis in sodium dodecyl sulfate. LEW (RT1l) rats were immunized with the pure class I heavy chain, the RT1-B alpha chain and the RT1-B beta chain with the aim of priming to indirect allorecognition (i.e. after processing and presentation of DA MHC chains on LEW antigen-presenting cells) in the absence of any priming to direct allorecognition (i.e. to whole, undenatured, dimeric DA MHC molecules). LEW rats immunized with each of the three DA MHC chains produced alloantibodies to these chains, suggesting that indirect allorecognition did occur, because of the requirement for cognate recognition of B cells by T helper cells. This also demonstrated polymorphism of all three chains between the DA and LEW strains. The antibodies to the isolated, denatured MHC chains did not react to the whole MHC molecules on DA cells, with the possible exception of very weak reactions in some class I heavy chain-immunized rats. DA skin grafts placed on LEW recipients immunized with each of the DA MHC chains were rejected in an accelerated fashion. Following DA skin grafting, there was an accelerated production of antibodies to whole, undenatured class I MHC molecules, even in the LEW rats preimmunized with RT1-B alpha and RT1-B beta chains. These data suggest that indirect allorecognition can play an important role in the effector mechanisms of allograft rejection, and demonstrate T helper priming as one possible mechanism whereby this might be effective.[1]


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