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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Microsomal prostaglandin E synthase (mPGES)-1, mPGES-2 and cytosolic PGES expression in human gastritis and gastric ulcer tissue.

Recently, three different prostaglandin E2 synthases have been identified: microsomal prostaglandin E synthase (mPGES)-1, cytosolic PGES (cPGES), and mPGES-2; however, their role and connection to cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 in the gastric ulcer repair process remain unknown. Therefore, we examined mPGES-1, cPGES, and mPGES-2 expression and localization in the stomach in vitro and in vivo. Tissues were obtained from Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori)-infected patients and consisted of surgical resections of gastric ulcers, or biopsies of gastric ulcers or gastritis. mPGES-1 mRNA and protein expression levels were examined by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and Western blot analysis, respectively. mPGES-1, cPGES, and mPGES-2 localization were analyzed immunohistochemically. Induction of PGES expression in response to interleukin (IL)-1beta was examined in vitro in the cultured human gastric fibroblast line Hs262.St. Real-time PCR analysis of mPGES-1 mRNA expression in biopsy samples showed significantly higher expression levels in open than in closed gastric ulcer tissue. Western blot analysis showed mPGES-1 protein expression limited to open ulcer tissue, while mPGES-2 and cPGES immunoreactivities were seen in both open and closed ulcer tissue. Immunohistochemical analysis showed strong mPGES-1 expression in fibroblasts and macrophages of the ulcer bed, paralleling COX-2 expression. cPGES and mPGES-2 expression levels were seen in both fibroblasts of the ulcer bed and in epithelial cells. Furthermore, stronger cPGES and mPGES-2 immunoreactivities were seen in scattered mast cell-like cells and neuroendocrine-like cells, respectively. Induction of mPGES-1 expression in response to IL-1beta was seen in cultured gastric fibroblasts in vitro, and double immunostaining showed mPGES-1 coexpression with COX-2 in fibroblasts of the ulcer bed in vivo. In conclusion, mPGES-1, cPGES, and mPGES-2 are all expressed in gastric ulcer tissue, but only mPGES-1 parallels COX-2 expression in mesenchymal and inflammatory cells of the ulcer bed, suggesting a key role for this enzyme in the ulcer repair process.[1]


  1. Microsomal prostaglandin E synthase (mPGES)-1, mPGES-2 and cytosolic PGES expression in human gastritis and gastric ulcer tissue. Gudis, K., Tatsuguchi, A., Wada, K., Futagami, S., Nagata, K., Hiratsuka, T., Shinji, Y., Miyake, K., Tsukui, T., Fukuda, Y., Sakamoto, C. Lab. Invest. (2005) [Pubmed]
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