The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Phenotypic and genotypic characterization of acyclovir-resistant clinical isolates of herpes simplex virus.

Sixteen herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and four type 2 (HSV-2) isolates resistant to acyclovir (ACV) were characterized retrospectively for drug resistance. Phenotypic testing was performed by means of tetrazolium reduction assay and genotypic analysis was carried out by sequencing of thymidine kinase (TK) and DNA-polymerase (pol) genes. All strains were characterized as cross-resistant to penciclovir, brivudin and susceptible to cidofovir. In addition, three strains were resistant to foscarnet. Genotypic analysis revealed two to seven non-synonymous mutations in the TK gene of HSV-1 and one to seven non-synonymous mutations in the DNA pol gene of HSV-1 and 2 associated with the gene polymorphism. Seventeen strains contained at least one non-synonymous resistant-related mutation in the TK gene and three strains, which were additionally foscarnet-resistant, revealed one resistance-associated mutation in the DNA pol gene. In most strains, resistant-related mutations in TK gene represented frameshift mutations and single non-synonymous nucleotide substitutions of conserved gene regions. However, numerous amino acid changes could not be interpreted clearly as accounting for resistance. In conclusion, further studies, e.g. site-directed mutagenesis experiments are required to characterize mutations of the TK and DNA pol genes in ACV-resistant viral strains as part of viral gene polymorphism or as cause of drug resistance.[1]


  1. Phenotypic and genotypic characterization of acyclovir-resistant clinical isolates of herpes simplex virus. Sauerbrei, A., Deinhardt, S., Zell, R., Wutzler, P. Antiviral Res. (2010) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities