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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Inhibition of steroid production in Leydig cells by non-steroidal anti-inflammatory and related compounds: evidence for the involvement of lipoxygenase products in steroidogenesis.

The effect of inhibitors of the cyclo-oxygenase and lipoxygenase pathways of arachidonic acid metabolism on steroidogenesis in rat testis Leydig cells and rat tumour Leydig cells has been investigated. In the presence of nordihydroguaiaretic acid [NDGA; 4,4'-(2,3- dimethylbutan -1,4- diyl )bis[1,2- benzendiol ]], 5,8,11,14-eicosatetraynoic acid (ETYA), BW 755C [3-amino-1-[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-2-pyrazoline hydrochloride] and benoxaprofen [ Opren ; 2-(2-p-chlorophenyl- benzoxazol -5-yl)propionic acid)] (which inhibit lipoxygenase activity), but not indomethacin and aspirin (which inhibit cyclo-oxygenase activity), a dose-related inhibition of lutropin (LH)-stimulated testosterone and pregnenolone production was obtained (ID50 values of 2.5, 30, 25 and 30 microM for NDGA, ETYA, BW 755C and benoxaprofen were obtained, respectively). BW 755C and benoxaprofen had no significant effect on LH-stimulated cyclic AMP production except at the highest concentrations examined (330 and 380 microM, respectively), whereas NDGA and ETYA inhibited LH-stimulated cyclic AMP production in a dose-dependent manner (ID50 7.0 and 22 microM respectively). However, NDGA and ETYA also caused a dose-dependent inhibition of dibutyryl cyclic AMP-stimulated testosterone and pregnenolone production. The metabolism of exogenous ( 22R )-hydroxycholesterol or pregnenolone to testosterone by Leydig cells was not inhibited by either NDGA, ETYA or indomethacin. At low concentrations of NDGA and ETYA a significant increase in the conversion of both pregnenolone and ( 22R )-hydroxycholesterol to testosterone was obtained. Studies in which the metabolism of [14C]arachidonic acid by purified rat tumour Leydig cells was investigated indicate that products are formed by tumour Leydig cells that have similar mobilities in a thin layer chromatography system to 5-L-hydroxy-6,8,11,14-eicosatetraenoic acid, 12-L-hydroxy-5,8,10,14-eicosatetraenoic acid and leukotriene B4. The formation of these products was inhibited to varying degrees by NDGA, BW 755C and benoxaprofen but not by aspirin and indomethacin. These studies demonstrate for the first time that inhibition of lipoxygenase activity but not cyclo-oxygenase activity causes an inhibition of LH- and dibutyryl cyclic AMP-stimulated steroid production and suggest a stimulatory role for products of the lipoxygenase pathway of arachidonic acid metabolism in steroidogenesis. The site of this stimulation is apparently distal to the production of cyclic AMP and before the side chain cleavage of cholesterol.[1]


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