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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Purification and enzymatic properties of an L-leucine aminopeptidase from swine liver.

An L-leucine aminopeptidase (alpha-aminoacyl-peptide hydrolase (cytosol), EC, having a specificity toward the substrate L-leucine amide, but not toward L-leucyl beta-naphthylamide or L-leucyl p-nitroanilide, has been purified 332-fold from swine liver, with a yield of 8.6%. This is the first purification of this enzyme from hepatic tissue. The purified enzyme submitted to analytical electrophoresis on cellulose acetate strips or in polyacrylamide gel showed a single band after straining with Ponceau S Red dye or Amido black, respectively. Purified swine liver L-leucine aminopeptidase, a cytosol enzyme, exhibited a molecular weight of 268 000 +/- 50 000 by gel filtration. It hydrolyzed L-leucine amide substrate and L-leucyl peptides. It was activated by Mg2+ and Mn2+ and inhibited by Co2+ and Zn2+. The optimum pH was 10. It was rather sensitive to heat elevation. Swine liver L-leucine aminopeptidase was inhibited by EDTA, citric acid, isocaproic acid, dodecylamine, aliphatic alcohols and p-chloromercuribenzoate but unaffected by monoiodoacetic acid and diisopropyl fluorophosphate.[1]


  1. Purification and enzymatic properties of an L-leucine aminopeptidase from swine liver. Ledeme, N., Hennon, G., Vincent-Fiquet, O., Plaquet, R. Biochim. Biophys. Acta (1981) [Pubmed]
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