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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A brief staurosporine treatment of mitotic cells triggers premature exit from mitosis and polyploid cell formation.

At any point during the progression of many tumor types, cells can develop a hyperploid DNA content. Hyperploid tumors are significant more aggressive, with a higher growth rate and a poor patient prognosis. Yeast genetics have implicated three important genes involved in DNA ploidy changes: cdc2, cyclin b, and a specific inhibitor of the p34(cdc2)/cyclin B kinase, rum1. Mutations in these genes uncoupled the dependence mitosis on DNA replication in the fission yeast, Saccharomyces pombe. It was proposed that the inactivation of the mitotic kinase complex, p34(cdc2)/cyclin B, induces a G(1), state wherein the cells re-replicate their DNA without an intervening mitosis. We show in this report that treatment of only M phase-arrested mouse cells, with the protein kinase inhibitor staurosporine, induced polyploidy. Nocodazole-arrested metaphase FT210 cells were pulsed with 100 ng/ml of staurosporine for 1 h. This 1-h treatment results in the inhibition of the mitotic p34(cdc2) kinase. The inhibition of the mitotic kinases leads to a reduction in the histone H1 and H3 mitotic-associated phosphorylations, chromosome decondensation and nuclear membrane reformation. When released into normal growth medium, these cells are reset to a G(1)state, re-replicate their DNA without completing mitosis, and become octaploid.[1]


  1. A brief staurosporine treatment of mitotic cells triggers premature exit from mitosis and polyploid cell formation. Hall, L.L., Th'ng, J.P., Guo, X.W., Teplitz, R.L., Bradbury, E.M. Cancer Res. (1996) [Pubmed]
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