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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Inhibition of in vitro concentrative prostaglandin accumulation by prostaglandins, prostaglandin analogues and by some inhibitors of organic anion transport.

1. Incubation of rabbit choroid plexus, anterior uvea (iris-ciliary body complex) or slices of kidney cortex in a medium containing tritium-labelled prostaglandin F(2alpha) ([3H]PGF(2alpha) or E1 ([3H]PGE1) results in a four- to thirteenfold concentrative accumulation of 3H activity. 2. Addition of PGF(2alpha, PGF(1) or PGA(1), any one of five PG analogues or a PG precursor, arachidonic acid, at a concentration of 10(-4) M reduced the active accumulation of [3H]PGs by 47-97%. Octanoic acid, at the same concentration, had only a moderate effect on the choroid plexus and no significant inhibitory effect on [3H]PFG(2alpha) accumulation by anterior uvea or kidney cortex. 3. Inhibition was also obtained with 2 mM iodoacetate (under anaerobic conditions) and with 10(-4) M diploretin phosphate, probenecid, iodipamide, indomethacin or dinitrophenol. Perchlorate (10(-4) M) and iodide (10(-4) or 10(-3) M) had no inhibitory effect while 10(-4) M p-aminohippuric acid had a significant inhibitory effect on the kidney cortex at a concentration of 10(-4) M and on the anterior uvea at 10(-3) M. 4. It is concluded that the apparent carrier mediated PG transport systems of the choroid plexus, anterior uvea and kidney cortex are not related to the iodide transport system, but may represent a subcomponent of the iodipamide transport system of these tissues. 5. These results suggest that the systemic distribution and the rate of renal excretion of PGs could be altered by high concentrations of PGs, pharmacologically less active PG analogues, some inhibitors of organic acid transport, and by some inhibitors of PG synthesis and PG action.[1]


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