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ADG  -  average daily gain

Sus scrofa

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Disease relevance of ADG


High impact information on ADG

  • Zinc oxide increased (P < 0.05) ADG, ADFI, and G:F from d 0 to 10, and ADG and ADFI from d 10 to 24 [5].
  • These results suggest that pigs from 13 to 20 and from 20 to 30 kg of BW fed diets containing 14.5 MJ of ME/kg had maximum N retention and ADG at 0.85 and 0.77 g of apparent ileal digestible lysine/MJ of ME, respectively [6].
  • Average daily gain, IMF percentages, and water-holding capacity (WHC) were also determined [7].
  • Effects of direct heterosis significantly increased weights at birth, 14, 56, 70, and 154 d of age in Exp. 1. Effects of direct heterosis significantly increased ADG from birth to 14, 28 to 56, and 70 to 154 d of age in Exp. 1. In Exp. 2, effect of direct heterosis significantly increased weights and ADG at all ages [8].
  • Average daily gain was calculated for intervals between weights, and ultrasonic backfat measurements (A-mode) were taken at 154 d of age [8].

Chemical compound and disease context of ADG


Biological context of ADG


Associations of ADG with chemical compounds

  • Increasing dietary lysine improved d 0 to 14 ADG (P < .01), but no differences were observed for the overall experiment [11].
  • The results showed pigs treated with 10 mg/kg cadmium significantly decreased average daily gain (ADG) (p<0.05) and increased feed/gain ratio (F/G) (p<0.05) compared to the control [12].
  • Average daily gain, ADFI, gain/feed, backfat thickness, stomach keratinization score, blood pCO2, plasma urea N, and digestibilities of DM and N were not affected by treatment (P < .15) [13].
  • Average daily gain responded quadratically (P < .05) to levels of Cu histidinate; maximum growth was seen in the 5% group [14].
  • Average daily gain, ADFI, gain/feed, and fasting (15 to 18 h) plasma glucose and total protein concentrations were not affected (P > .10) by dietary treatment [15].

Other interactions of ADG

  • Selection for increased ADG is expected to improve WHC but to decrease the percentage of LM water, with an associated decrease in juiciness [16].
  • Neither backfat nor ADG was correlated with loin depth (r(g) = 0.0), and their mutual genetic correlation was 0.27 [17].
  • Average daily gain was most depressed in pigs given the highest dose of virulent PRV plus P multocida [18].
  • Average daily gain after weaning for AA genotype on IGF-1 locus was 20.58 g (P = 0.0347) higher than for AB [19].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of ADG


  1. Muscle cellularity and postnatal growth in the pig. Dwyer, C.M., Fletcher, J.M., Stickland, N.C. J. Anim. Sci. (1993) [Pubmed]
  2. Effects of cyadox and olaquindox on intestinal mucosal immunity and on fecal shedding of Escherichia coli in piglets. Ding, M.X., Wang, Y.L., Zhu, H.L., Yuan, Z.H. J. Anim. Sci. (2006) [Pubmed]
  3. Neither intact nor hydrolyzed soy proteins elicit intestinal inflammation in neonatal piglets. McCracken, B.A., Zijlstra, R.T., Donovan, S.M., Odle, J., Lien, E.L., Gaskins, H.R. JPEN. Journal of parenteral and enteral nutrition. (1998) [Pubmed]
  4. Influence of an experimental infection of Strongyloides ransomi on performance of pigs. Hale, O.M., Marti, O.G. J. Anim. Sci. (1984) [Pubmed]
  5. Effect of phosphorylated mannans and pharmacological additions of zinc oxide on growth and immunocompetence of weanling pigs. Davis, M.E., Brown, D.C., Maxwell, C.V., Johnson, Z.B., Kegley, E.B., Dvorak, R.A. J. Anim. Sci. (2004) [Pubmed]
  6. Effect of dietary energy concentration and apparent ileal digestible lysine:metabolizable energy ratio on nitrogen balance and growth performance of young pigs. Urynek, W., Buraczewska, L. J. Anim. Sci. (2003) [Pubmed]
  7. Serum concentrations of leptin in six genetic lines of swine and relationship with growth and carcass characteristics. Berg, E.P., McFadin, E.L., Maddock, R.R., Goodwin, N., Baas, T.J., Keisler, D.H. J. Anim. Sci. (2003) [Pubmed]
  8. Heterosis and recombination effects on pig growth and carcass traits. Cassady, J.P., Young, L.D., Leymaster, K.A. J. Anim. Sci. (2002) [Pubmed]
  9. Effects of immune challenge on concentrations of serum insulin-like growth factor-I and growth performance in pigs. Hevener, W., Routh, P.A., Almond, G.W. Can. Vet. J. (1999) [Pubmed]
  10. Effects of exogenous porcine somatotropin (pST) administration on growth performance, carcass traits, and pork meat quality of Meishan, Pietrain, and crossbred gilts. Bidanel, J.P., Bonneau, M., Pointillart, A., Gruand, J., Mourot, J., Demade, I. J. Anim. Sci. (1991) [Pubmed]
  11. The effects of diets formulated on an ideal protein basis on growth performance, carcass characteristics, and thermal balance of finishing gilts housed in a hot, diurnal environment. Lopez, J., Goodband, R.D., Allee, G.L., Jesse, G.W., Nelssen, J.L., Tokach, M.D., Spiers, D., Becker, B.A. J. Anim. Sci. (1994) [Pubmed]
  12. Effect of cadmium on lipid peroxidation and activities of antioxidant enzymes in growing pigs. Han, X.Y., Xu, Z.R., Wang, Y.Z., Huang, Q.C. Biological trace element research. (2006) [Pubmed]
  13. Effects of dietary buffers on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, and stomach morphology in finishing pigs. Wondra, K.J., Hancock, J.D., Behnke, K.C., Hines, R.H. J. Anim. Sci. (1995) [Pubmed]
  14. Stimulation of growth by intravenous injection of copper in weanling pigs. Zhou, W., Kornegay, E.T., Lindemann, M.D., Swinkels, J.W., Welten, M.K., Wong, E.A. J. Anim. Sci. (1994) [Pubmed]
  15. Effect of chromium tripicolinate on growth, glucose tolerance, insulin sensitivity, plasma metabolites, and growth hormone in pigs. Amoikon, E.K., Fernandez, J.M., Southern, L.L., Thompson, D.L., Ward, T.L., Olcott, B.M. J. Anim. Sci. (1995) [Pubmed]
  16. Genetic analyses of growth, real-time ultrasound, carcass, and pork quality traits in Duroc and Landrace pigs: II. Heritabilities and correlations. Lo, L.L., McLaren, D.G., McKeith, F.K., Fernando, R.L., Novakofski, J. J. Anim. Sci. (1992) [Pubmed]
  17. Genetic parameters for carcass composition and pork quality estimated in a commercial production chain. van Wijk, H.J., Arts, D.J., Matthews, J.O., Webster, M., Ducro, B.J., Knol, E.F. J. Anim. Sci. (2005) [Pubmed]
  18. Pneumonia in pigs induced by intranasal challenge exposure with pseudorabies virus and Pasteurella multocida. Fuentes, M.C., Pijoan, C. Am. J. Vet. Res. (1987) [Pubmed]
  19. Genetic effects of IGF-1 gene on the performance in Landrace x Lantang pig resource population. Li, J.Q., Chen, Z.M., Liu, D.W., Liu, X.H., Sun, B.L., Ling, F., Zhang, H., Chen, Y.S. Yi Chuan Xue Bao (2003) [Pubmed]
  20. Use of carbohydrases in corn-soybean meal-based nursery diets. Kim, S.W., Knabe, D.A., Hong, K.J., Easter, R.A. J. Anim. Sci. (2003) [Pubmed]
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