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Gene Review

DAL80  -  Dal80p

Saccharomyces cerevisiae S288c

Synonyms: Nitrogen regulatory protein DAL80, Regulatory protein UGA43, UGA43, YKR034W
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High impact information on DAL80

  • However, certain GATA family members, such as the yeast DAL80 factor, act negatively to repress gene expression [1].
  • In agreement with this pattern of regulation, we also demonstrate the existence of Gln3p and Dal80p binding sites upstream of GAT1 [2].
  • The DAL80 zinc finger motif possessed high homology to the transcriptional activator proteins required for expression of NCR-sensitive genes in fungi and the yeast GLN3 gene product required for functioning of the NCR-sensitive DAL UASNTR [3].
  • We have cloned the negative regulatory gene (DAL80) of the allantoin catabolic pathway, characterized its structure, and determined the physiological conditions that control DAL80 expression and its influence on the expression of nitrogen catabolic genes [3].
  • The deduced DAL80 protein structure contains zinc finger and coiled-coil motifs [3].

Biological context of DAL80

  • Since the DAL and UGA genes are overexpressed and largely inducer independent in dal80 deletion mutants, we have suggested DAL80 protein negatively regulates a wide spectrum of nitrogen-catabolic gene expression, likely in conjunction with a URS element [4].
  • DAL80 transcription was itself highly sensitive to nitrogen catabolite repression (NCR), and its promoter contained 12 sequences homologous to the NCR-sensitive UASNTR [3].
  • In addition, DAL80 protein has been directly shown to bind to a pair of GATA-containing sequences (URSGATA) in vitro, and a pair of GATA-containing sequences (UASNTR) is required for GLN3-dependent transcriptional activation in a heterologous expression vector [5].
  • Open reading frame F551 exhibits homology to two regions of the DAL80 gene located on yeast chromosome XI encoding a pleiotropic negative regulatory protein [6].
  • Strong Dal80p binding to DNA is thought to result from C-terminal leucine zipper-mediated dimerization [7].

Associations of DAL80 with chemical compounds

  • Enzyme activity doubled upon nitrogen starvation of either ammonium-grown (possibly due to Nil2p/Deh1p derepression) or proline-grown (due to Dal80p derepression) cells [8].
  • Its expression was (i) induced by allophanate, (ii) sensitive to nitrogen catabolite repression, and (iii) responsive to mutation of the DAL80 and DAL81 loci, which have previously been shown to regulate the allantoin degradation system [9].
  • We have also demonstrated that the effect of pH can only be detected when UGA4 gene is not subject to a strong repression by Uga43p nor to GABA induction [10].

Regulatory relationships of DAL80

  • The Uga43p factor negatively regulates GZF3 expression and vice versa [11].
  • DAL1 is expressed in an inducer-independent manner in strain M970 (sigma 1278b genetic background) and modestly responds to mutation of the dal80 locus [12].

Other interactions of DAL80

  • These observations support our earlier hypothesis that DUR1,2 is transcriptionally regulated, with control being mediated by the DAL80 and DAL81 gene products [13].
  • Nitrogen catabolite repression of DAL80 expression depends on the relative levels of Gat1p and Ure2p production in Saccharomyces cerevisiae [14].
  • At least one positive GATA factor is required for the UGA43 and GZF3 genes to be expressed [11].
  • Regulatory circuit for responses of nitrogen catabolic gene expression to the GLN3 and DAL80 proteins and nitrogen catabolite repression in Saccharomyces cerevisiae [15].
  • In the absence of the pleiotropic UGA43/DAL80 repressor, UGA4 is constitutively expressed at high level [16].


  1. Genetic regulation of nitrogen metabolism in the fungi. Marzluf, G.A. Microbiol. Mol. Biol. Rev. (1997) [Pubmed]
  2. Gat1p, a GATA family protein whose production is sensitive to nitrogen catabolite repression, participates in transcriptional activation of nitrogen-catabolic genes in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Coffman, J.A., Rai, R., Cunningham, T., Svetlov, V., Cooper, T.G. Mol. Cell. Biol. (1996) [Pubmed]
  3. Expression of the DAL80 gene, whose product is homologous to the GATA factors and is a negative regulator of multiple nitrogen catabolic genes in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, is sensitive to nitrogen catabolite repression. Cunningham, T.S., Cooper, T.G. Mol. Cell. Biol. (1991) [Pubmed]
  4. The Saccharomyces cerevisiae DAL80 repressor protein binds to multiple copies of GATAA-containing sequences (URSGATA). Cunningham, T.S., Cooper, T.G. J. Bacteriol. (1993) [Pubmed]
  5. The UGA4 UASNTR site required for GLN3-dependent transcriptional activation also mediates DAL80-responsive regulation and DAL80 protein binding in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Cunningham, T.S., Dorrington, R.A., Cooper, T.G. J. Bacteriol. (1994) [Pubmed]
  6. A 37.5 kb region of yeast chromosome X includes the SME1, MEF2, GSH1 and CSD3 genes, a TCP-1-related gene, an open reading frame similar to the DAL80 gene, and a tRNA(Arg). Rasmussen, S.W. Yeast (1995) [Pubmed]
  7. Green fluorescent protein-Dal80p illuminates up to 16 distinct foci that colocalize with and exhibit the same behavior as chromosomal DNA proceeding through the cell cycle of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Distler, M., Kulkarni, A., Rai, R., Cooper, T.G. J. Bacteriol. (2001) [Pubmed]
  8. The role of the GATA factors Gln3p, Nil1p, Dal80p and the Ure2p on ASP3 regulation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Oliveira, E.M., Martins, A.S., Carvajal, E., Bon, E.P. Yeast (2003) [Pubmed]
  9. Identification of the ureidoglycolate hydrolase gene in the DAL gene cluster of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Yoo, H.S., Genbauffe, F.S., Cooper, T.G. Mol. Cell. Biol. (1985) [Pubmed]
  10. UGA4 gene encoding the gamma-aminobutyric acid permease in Saccharomyces cerevisiae is an acid-expressed gene. Moretti, M.B., Batlle, A., Garcia, S.C. Int. J. Biochem. Cell Biol. (2001) [Pubmed]
  11. Gzf3p, a fourth GATA factor involved in nitrogen-regulated transcription in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Soussi-Boudekou, S., Vissers, S., Urrestarazu, A., Jauniaux, J.C., André, B. Mol. Microbiol. (1997) [Pubmed]
  12. The allantoinase (DAL1) gene of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Buckholz, R.G., Cooper, T.G. Yeast (1991) [Pubmed]
  13. Induction and repression of the urea amidolyase gene in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Genbauffe, F.S., Cooper, T.G. Mol. Cell. Biol. (1986) [Pubmed]
  14. Nitrogen catabolite repression of DAL80 expression depends on the relative levels of Gat1p and Ure2p production in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Cunningham, T.S., Andhare, R., Cooper, T.G. J. Biol. Chem. (2000) [Pubmed]
  15. Regulatory circuit for responses of nitrogen catabolic gene expression to the GLN3 and DAL80 proteins and nitrogen catabolite repression in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Daugherty, J.R., Rai, R., el Berry, H.M., Cooper, T.G. J. Bacteriol. (1993) [Pubmed]
  16. Cloning and expression of the UGA4 gene coding for the inducible GABA-specific transport protein of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. André, B., Hein, C., Grenson, M., Jauniaux, J.C. Mol. Gen. Genet. (1993) [Pubmed]
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