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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
MeSH Review


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Disease relevance of Hydrotherapy


High impact information on Hydrotherapy

  • Human volunteers wearing swimsuits were submerged in warm tap water to neck level in a stainless steel hydrotherapy tub containing an initial concentration of approximately 500-microg/l toluene [2].
  • However, for workloads between 55% and 85% of age-predicted maximum heart rate, RPE had a strong correlation with relative exercise intensity during hydrotherapy [3].
  • Human volunteers participating in the study placed both legs into a stainless steel hydrotherapy tub containing an initial concentration of approximately 500 microg/L o-xylene [4].
  • To study the hydraulic effects of subtotal immersion as a rehabilitative hydrotherapy, we examined the change in serum levels of atrial natriuretic peptide, catecholamine, cortisol and interleukins in 12 healthy volunteers [5].
  • The total annual cost of healthcare (including consultations, drugs, laboratory tests, hospitalisation and hydrotherapy) for the management of patients with PAOD ranged from 3.9 billion French francs (F) to F4.6 billion (1995 values), depending on the type of hospital considered [6].

Biological context of Hydrotherapy


Associations of Hydrotherapy with chemical compounds

  • Hydrotherapy burn treatment: use of chloramine-T against resistant microorganisms [8].
  • The temporal association between the start and end of the epidemic and the use of sodium hypochlorite indicates that this agent may prevent cross-contamination and infection among patients receiving hydrotherapy [9].
  • The two patients described in this clinical report received infrared cold laser treatment and conventional sterile whirlpool baths with povidone-iodine solution [10].
  • As a result of occasional water discolouration, the hydrotherapy pool of a large teaching hospital was monitored for free and combined chlorine, alkalinity, calcium hardness, total dissolved solids and cyanuric acid levels together with bacteriological analysis [11].
  • There was a statistically significant decrease in oral baclofen intake in the hydrotherapy group (P < 0.01) [12].

Gene context of Hydrotherapy


  1. Irritant contact dermatitis due to 1-bromo-3-chloro-5,5-dimethylhydantoin in a hydrotherapy pool. Risk assessments: the need for continuous evidence-based assessments. Loughney, E., Harrison, J. Occupational medicine (Oxford, England) (1998) [Pubmed]
  2. Use of real-time breath analysis and physiologically based pharmacokinetic modeling to evaluate dermal absorption of aqueous toluene in human volunteers. Thrall, K.D., Weitz, K.K., Woodstock, A.D. Toxicol. Sci. (2002) [Pubmed]
  3. Perceived and measured levels of exertion of patients with chronic back pain exercising in a hydrotherapy pool. Barker, K.L., Dawes, H., Hansford, P., Shamley, D. Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation. (2003) [Pubmed]
  4. Evaluation of the dermal bioavailability of aqueous xylene in F344 rats and human volunteers. Thrall, K., Woodstock, A. J. Toxicol. Environ. Health Part A (2003) [Pubmed]
  5. The effects of hydraulic pressure on atrial natriuretic peptide during rehabilitative head-out water immersion. Kurabayashi, H., Tamura, K., Tamura, J., Kubota, K. Life Sci. (2001) [Pubmed]
  6. Peripheral arterial obliterative disease. Cost of illness in France. Montron, A., Guignard, E., Pelc, A., Comte, S. PharmacoEconomics. (1998) [Pubmed]
  7. Chloramine-T solutions: effect on wound healing in guinea pigs. Henderson, J.D., Leming, J.T., Melon-Niksa, D.B. Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation. (1989) [Pubmed]
  8. Hydrotherapy burn treatment: use of chloramine-T against resistant microorganisms. Steve, L., Goodhart, P., Alexander, J. Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation. (1979) [Pubmed]
  9. Hydrotherapy: an outbreak of Pseudomonas aeruginosa wound infections related to Hubbard tank treatments. McGuckin, M.B., Thorpe, R.J., Abrutyn, E. Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation. (1981) [Pubmed]
  10. Wound management with whirlpool and infrared cold laser treatment. A clinical report. Gogia, P.P., Hurt, B.S., Zirn, T.T. Physical therapy. (1988) [Pubmed]
  11. Two sources of contamination of a hydrotherapy pool by environmental organisms. Aspinall, S.T., Graham, R. J. Hosp. Infect. (1989) [Pubmed]
  12. The use of hydrotherapy for the management of spasticity. Kesiktas, N., Paker, N., Erdogan, N., Gülsen, G., Biçki, D., Yilmaz, H. Neurorehabilitation and neural repair. (2004) [Pubmed]
  13. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus: interstate spread of nosocomial infections with emergence of gentamicin-methicillin resistant strains. Saroglou, G., Cromer, M., Bisno, A.L. Infection control : IC. (1980) [Pubmed]
  14. A randomized and controlled trial of hydrotherapy in rheumatoid arthritis. Hall, J., Skevington, S.M., Maddison, P.J., Chapman, K. Arthritis care and research : the official journal of the Arthritis Health Professions Association. (1996) [Pubmed]
  15. A single blind randomized, controlled trial of hydrotherapy for varicose veins. Ernst, E., Saradeth, T., Resch, K.L. VASA (1991) [Pubmed]
  16. Therapeutic modalities and procedures. Part II: Hydrotherapy and ultraviolet. Helfand, A.E., Bruno, J. Clinics in podiatry. (1984) [Pubmed]
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