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Chemical Compound Review

Celotex     1,3,5-triazinane-2,4,6-trione

Synonyms: cyanurate, Tricarbimide, Triazinetriol, Triazinetrione, CYANURIC-ACID, ...
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Disease relevance of Celotex


High impact information on Celotex

  • Spontaneous formation of complementary hydrogen-bond pairs and their hierarchical self-assembly (reconstitution) into chiral supramolecular membranes are achieved in water by mixing amphiphilic pairs of glutamate-derived melamine 6 and ammonium-derivatized azobenzene cyanuric acid 4 [6].
  • Several structures of pi complexes of isocyanuric acid and of several thio derivatives with anions have been computed by using high level ab initio calculations [7].
  • Inter alia, the resulting method is highly sensitive, almost free from interferences, and was easily applied to the determination of cyanuric acid in swimming pool water, surface water, human urine, and simulated air filter samples [8].
  • Cyanuric acid trace analysis by extractive methylation via phase-transfer catalysis and capillary gas chromatography coupled with flame thermoionic and mass-selective detection. Process parameter studies and kinetics [8].
  • The alkylation of cyanuric acid with 12 in the presence of base provided the N-alkylated materials 13, which were hydrogenated to provide 2a-c. In order to determine the affect of structural modifications on biological activity, various chain lengths of the side arms were utilized and the retroanalogue 3 was prepared [9].

Chemical compound and disease context of Celotex


Biological context of Celotex


Anatomical context of Celotex


Associations of Celotex with other chemical compounds

  • The derivative afforded complexes with chloranilic acid and cyanuric acid composed of hydrogen bonding networks [17].
  • The final products for both methods, US and photolysis with POM, were cyanuric acid (OOOT), NO3-, Cl-, CO2, and H2O [18].
  • RESULTS: Cyanuric acid-linked methoxypolyethylene glycol reduced hemagglutination titers moderately, although alpha-galactosidase treatment reduced hemagglutination titers to levels similar to negative controls [19].
  • This was found to be due to high concentrations of cyanuric acid which resulted in a 'chlorine lock'. The source of the P. vesicularis and CDC Group IV C2 was found to be the pool hose and this problem was alleviated by flushing it with water each day before use [20].
  • The syntheses of calix[4]arene dimelamines that are functionalized with alkyl, aminoalkyl, ureido, pyridyl, carbohydrate, amino acid and peptide functionalities, and their self-assembly with barbituric acid or cyanuric acid derivatives into well-defined hydrogen-bonded nanostructures are described [21].

Gene context of Celotex

  • Ten bacteria that use cyanuric acid as a sole nitrogen source for growth were found to contain either atzD or trzD, but not both genes [22].
  • Pseudomonas sp. strain ADP initiates atrazine catabolism via three enzymatic steps, encoded by atzA, -B, and -C, which yield cyanuric acid, a nitrogen source for many bacteria [23].
  • A recombinant Escherichia coli strain containing atzD, encoding cyanuric acid hydrolase that produces biuret, and atzF grew slowly on cyanuric acid as a source of nitrogen [24].
  • The amount of growth produced was consistent with the liberation of 3 mol of ammonia from cyanuric acid [24].
  • Addition of cyanuric acid to BBAS before chlorination resulted in lower killing rates, although the free chlorine concentration, determined with the FAS-DPD method, seemed to be increased [25].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Celotex


  1. Ring cleavage and degradative pathway of cyanuric acid in bacteria. Cook, A.M., Beilstein, P., Grossenbacher, H., Hütter, R. Biochem. J. (1985) [Pubmed]
  2. Complete nucleotide sequence and organization of the atrazine catabolic plasmid pADP-1 from Pseudomonas sp. strain ADP. Martinez, B., Tomkins, J., Wackett, L.P., Wing, R., Sadowsky, M.J. J. Bacteriol. (2001) [Pubmed]
  3. Arthrobacter aurescens TC1 atrazine catabolism genes trzN, atzB, and atzC are linked on a 160-kilobase region and are functional in Escherichia coli. Sajjaphan, K., Shapir, N., Wackett, L.P., Palmer, M., Blackmon, B., Tomkins, J., Sadowsky, M.J. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  4. Cloning and comparison of the DNA encoding ammelide aminohydrolase and cyanuric acid amidohydrolase from three s-triazine-degrading bacterial strains. Eaton, R.W., Karns, J.S. J. Bacteriol. (1991) [Pubmed]
  5. Cooperative catabolic pathways within an atrazine-degrading enrichment culture isolated from soil. Smith, D., Alvey, S., Crowley, D.E. FEMS Microbiol. Ecol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  6. Hierarchical self-assembly of chiral complementary hydrogen-bond networks in water: reconstitution of supramolecular membranes. Kawasaki, T., Tokuhiro, M., Kimizuka, N., Kunitake, T. J. Am. Chem. Soc. (2001) [Pubmed]
  7. Anion-pi interactions in cyanuric acids: a combined crystallographic and computational study. Frontera, A., Saczewski, F., Gdaniec, M., Dziemidowicz-Borys, E., Kurland, A., Deyà, P.M., Quiñonero, D., Garau, C. Chemistry (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany) (2005) [Pubmed]
  8. Cyanuric acid trace analysis by extractive methylation via phase-transfer catalysis and capillary gas chromatography coupled with flame thermoionic and mass-selective detection. Process parameter studies and kinetics. Fiamegos, Y.C., Konidari, C.N., Stalikas, C.D. Anal. Chem. (2003) [Pubmed]
  9. Artificial siderophores. 2. Syntheses of trihydroxamate analogues of rhodotorulic acid and their biological iron transport capabilities in Escherichia coli. Lee, B.H., Miller, M.J., Prody, C.A., Neilands, J.B. J. Med. Chem. (1985) [Pubmed]
  10. Excision by the human methylpurine DNA N-glycosylase of cyanuric acid, a stable and mutagenic oxidation product of 8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanine. Dherin, C., Gasparutto, D., O'Connor, T.R., Cadet, J., Boiteux, S. Int. J. Radiat. Biol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  11. Degradation of cyanuric acid in soil by Pseudomonas sp. NRRL B-12227 using bioremediation with self-immobilization system. Shiomi, N., Yamaguchi, Y., Nakai, H., Fujita, T., Katsuda, T., Katoh, S. J. Biosci. Bioeng. (2006) [Pubmed]
  12. The degradative pathway of the s-triazine melamine. The steps to ring cleavage. Jutzi, K., Cook, A.M., Hütter, R. Biochem. J. (1982) [Pubmed]
  13. Regulation of the Pseudomonas sp. strain ADP cyanuric acid degradation operon. García-González, V., Govantes, F., Porrúa, O., Santero, E. J. Bacteriol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  14. Synthesis and biochemical properties of cyanuric acid nucleoside-containing DNA oligomers. Gasparutto, D., Da Cruz, S., Bourdat, A.G., Jaquinod, M., Cadet, J. Chem. Res. Toxicol. (1999) [Pubmed]
  15. Gene sequence and properties of an s-triazine ring-cleavage enzyme from Pseudomonas sp. strain NRRLB-12227. Karns, J.S. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. (1999) [Pubmed]
  16. Tissue distribution and biotransformation of potassium oxonate after oral administration of a novel antitumor agent (drug combination of tegafur, 5-chloro-2,4-dihydroxypyridine, and potassium oxonate) to rats. Yoshisue, K., Masuda, H., Matsushima, E., Ikeda, K., Nagayama, S., Kawaguchi, Y. Drug Metab. Dispos. (2000) [Pubmed]
  17. Synthesis and characterization of novel dipyridylbenzothiadiazole and bisbenzothiadiazole derivatives. Akhtaruzzaman, M., Tomura, M., Nishida, J., Yamashita, Y. J. Org. Chem. (2004) [Pubmed]
  18. Sonolytic, photolytic, and photocatalytic decomposition of atrazine in the presence of polyoxometalates. Hiskia, A., Ecke, M., Troupis, A., Kokorakis, A., Hennig, H., Papaconstantinou, E. Environ. Sci. Technol. (2001) [Pubmed]
  19. Modification of xenoantigens on porcine erythrocytes for xenotransfusion. Doucet, J., Gao, Z.H., MacLaren, L.A., McAlister, V.C. Surgery (2004) [Pubmed]
  20. Two sources of contamination of a hydrotherapy pool by environmental organisms. Aspinall, S.T., Graham, R. J. Hosp. Infect. (1989) [Pubmed]
  21. Self-assembly and stability of double rosette nanostructures with biological functionalities. ten Cate, M.G., Omerović, M., Oshovsky, G.V., Crego-Calama, M., Reinhoudt, D.N. Org. Biomol. Chem. (2005) [Pubmed]
  22. On the origins of cyanuric acid hydrolase: purification, substrates, and prevalence of AtzD from Pseudomonas sp. strain ADP. Fruchey, I., Shapir, N., Sadowsky, M.J., Wackett, L.P. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  23. The atzABC genes encoding atrazine catabolism are located on a self-transmissible plasmid in Pseudomonas sp. strain ADP. de Souza, M.L., Wackett, L.P., Sadowsky, M.J. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. (1998) [Pubmed]
  24. Purification and characterization of TrzF: biuret hydrolysis by allophanate hydrolase supports growth. Shapir, N., Cheng, G., Sadowsky, M.J., Wackett, L.P. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. (2006) [Pubmed]
  25. Quantitative suspension test for the evaluation of disinfectants for swimming pool water: experiences with sodium hypochlorite and sodium dichloroisocyanurate. van Klingeren, B., Pullen, W., Reijnders, H.F. Zentralblatt für Bakteriologie. 1. Abt. Originale B, Hygiene, Krankenhaushygiene, Betriebshygiene, präventive Medizin. (1980) [Pubmed]
  26. Atrazine mineralization potential in two wetlands. Anderson, K.L., Wheeler, K.A., Robinson, J.B., Tuovinen, O.H. Water Res. (2002) [Pubmed]
  27. Effect of starvation on resuscitation and the surface characteristics of bacteria. Sanin, S.L. Journal of environmental science and health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous substances & environmental engineering. (2003) [Pubmed]
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