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MeSH Review

Disease Transmission, Horizontal

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Disease relevance of Disease Transmission, Horizontal


High impact information on Disease Transmission, Horizontal

  • We discuss the possibility that the conservation of hobo, Ac, and Tam3 transposases represents an example of horizontal transmission of genetic information between plants and animals [6].
  • To test the idea that regular horizontal transmission is necessary for the long-term persistence of these genes, we surveyed 20 species of yeasts for the omega-homing endonuclease gene and associated group I intron [7].
  • Since viral occlusions are responsible for the horizontal transmission of AcMNPV in nature, the biosynthesis, localization, and assembly of polyhedrin are important events in the viral replication cycle [8].
  • It is linked to the P-pilus (prs) and F1C fimbrial (foc) gene clusters on a pathogenicity island and appears to have been acquired by IS1230-mediated horizontal transmission [9].
  • We present evidence for the recent introduction of rok into the B. subtilis-Bacillus licheniformis-Bacilllus amyloliquefaciens group by horizontal transmission [10].

Associations of Disease Transmission, Horizontal with chemical compounds

  • Epichloë species and their asexual descendants (Acremonium endophytes) are fungal symbionts of C3 grasses that span the symbiotic continuum from antagonism to mutualism depending on the relative importance, respectively, of horizontal transmission of sexual spores versus vertical clonal transmission in healthy grass seeds [11].
  • Horizontal transmission through parenteral drug abuse may be considered a possible reason for the significantly higher rates of HBV and HDV among parenteral drug abusers [12].
  • There is limited information on the horizontal transmission of Gly 145 Arg (G145R) mutant to related contacts [13].
  • CONCLUSIONS: This study found that the clindamycin and third-generation cephalosporins were risk factors for C difficile-associated diarrhea after controlling for horizontal transmission [14].
  • Diflubenzuron generated significant (p < 0.05) mortality via horizontal transmission through two passages when the initial dose applied to a food source was 2,000 times the label rate for rangeland grasshopper control (label rate is 8.71 g AI/ha) [15].

Gene context of Disease Transmission, Horizontal

  • Two or 3 generation vertical and horizontal transmission of heterozygosity for the mutant Factor V gene was found in 4 of the 8 kindreds [16].
  • Although indiscriminate and inappropriate use of antibiotics has contributed to this phenomenon, horizontal transmission of MRSA between patients and health care providers is the principal cause of this observed increase [17].
  • Human parvovirus B19 (B19) infection during pregnancy can result in horizontal transmission of the virus and congenital infection [18].
  • Additional mutations in HBsAg were identified in at least two members in family 1 and 2, suggesting horizontal transmission of the mutant among them [19].
  • Since only 12% carried the ermA [TR] resistance gene, it is very likely that the gene has been acquired by horizontal transmission rather than from spread of a resistant circulating clone [20].


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  2. Urine from chronic hepatitis B virus carriers: implications for infectivity. Knutsson, M., Kidd-Ljunggren, K. J. Med. Virol. (2000) [Pubmed]
  3. Malignant lymphomas in Japan: epidemiological analysis of adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL). Tajima, K. Cancer Metastasis Rev. (1988) [Pubmed]
  4. Risk analysis of ectoparasites acting as vectors for chronic wasting disease. Lupi, O. Med. Hypotheses (2005) [Pubmed]
  5. A skin-specific MMTV provirus is stably transmitted by horizontal transmission. Koizumi, A., Tsukada, M., Kamiyama, S. Tohoku J. Exp. Med. (1992) [Pubmed]
  6. Evidence for a common evolutionary origin of inverted repeat transposons in Drosophila and plants: hobo, Activator, and Tam3. Calvi, B.R., Hong, T.J., Findley, S.D., Gelbart, W.M. Cell (1991) [Pubmed]
  7. Recurrent invasion and extinction of a selfish gene. Goddard, M.R., Burt, A. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1999) [Pubmed]
  8. Enhancement of polyhedrin nuclear localization during baculovirus infection. Jarvis, D.L., Bohlmeyer, D.A., Garcia, A. J. Virol. (1992) [Pubmed]
  9. Identification of genes in an extraintestinal isolate of Escherichia coli with increased expression after exposure to human urine. Russo, T.A., Carlino, U.B., Mong, A., Jodush, S.T. Infect. Immun. (1999) [Pubmed]
  10. The Rok protein of Bacillus subtilis represses genes for cell surface and extracellular functions. Albano, M., Smits, W.K., Ho, L.T., Kraigher, B., Mandic-Mulec, I., Kuipers, O.P., Dubnau, D. J. Bacteriol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  11. EPICHLOE SPECIES: fungal symbionts of grasses. Schardl, C.L. Annual review of phytopathology. (1996) [Pubmed]
  12. Seroepidemiology of hepatitis B virus, hepatitis D virus, and human immunodeficiency virus infections among parenteral drug abusers in southern Taiwan. Chung, D.C., Ko, Y.C., Chen, C.J., Chen, E.R., Wu, C.C., Wu, P.S. J. Med. Virol. (1989) [Pubmed]
  13. Transmission of G145R mutant of HBV to an unrelated contact. Thakur, V., Kazim, S.N., Guptan, R.C., Hasnain, S.E., Bartholomeusz, A., Malhotra, V., Sarin, S.K. J. Med. Virol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  14. Risk factors for Clostridium difficile cytotoxin-positive diarrhea after control for horizontal transmission. Zimmerman, R.K. Infection control and hospital epidemiology : the official journal of the Society of Hospital Epidemiologists of America. (1991) [Pubmed]
  15. Horizontal and trophic transfer of diflubenzuron and fipronil among grasshoppers (Melanoplus sanguinipes) and between grasshoppers and darkling beetles (Tenebrionidae). Smith, D.I., Lockwood, J.A. Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  16. Resistance to activated protein C and Legg-Perthes disease. Glueck, C.J., Brandt, G., Gruppo, R., Crawford, A., Roy, D., Tracy, T., Stroop, D., Wang, P., Becker, A. Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res. (1997) [Pubmed]
  17. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infections in ICU patients. Sista, R.R., Oda, G., Barr, J. Anesthesiology clinics of North America. (2004) [Pubmed]
  18. Apoptotic activity in villous trophoblast cells during B19 infection correlates with clinical outcome: assessment by the caspase-related M30 Cytodeath antibody. Jordan, J.A., Butchko, A.R. Placenta (2002) [Pubmed]
  19. Intra-familial evidence of horizontal transmission of hepatitis B virus surface antigen mutant G145R. Oon, C.J., Chen, W.N., Goo, K.S., Goh, K.T. J. Infect. (2000) [Pubmed]
  20. Streptococcal toxic shock syndrome by an iMLS resistant M type 77 Streptococcus pyogenes in the Netherlands. Gooskens, J., Neeling, A.J., Willems, R.J., Wout, J.W., Kuijper, E.J. Scand. J. Infect. Dis. (2005) [Pubmed]
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