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Disease relevance of Aizoaceae


High impact information on Aizoaceae

  • In this study we investigated factors involved in the diversification of Argyroderma, a genus within the most spectacular of the Cape radiations, that of the Ruschioid subfamily of the Aizoaceae [3].
  • Vector-expressed cp of Beet necrotic yellow vein virus (BNYVV) assembled in Chenopodium quinoa, Tetragonia expansa and Beta vulgaris leaves into particles resembling true BNYVV particles [4].
  • On immunoblots of protein from BYV-infected Tetragonia expansa plants, four MAbs against the MT recognized a approximately 63 kDa protein, and two MAbs against the HEL recognized a approximately 100 kDa protein [5].
  • Cadmium effects on growth and mineral nutrition of two halophytes: Sesuvium portulacastrum and Mesembryanthemum crystallinum [6].
  • Trianthenol: an antifungal tetraterpenoid from Trianthema portulacastrum (Aizoaceae) [7].

Biological context of Aizoaceae


Associations of Aizoaceae with chemical compounds


Gene context of Aizoaceae

  • The effect of an ethanolic extract of the plant Trianthema portulacastrum L. on the CCl4-induced chronic hepatocellular damage of Swiss albino mice has been investigated [9].
  • Trianthema pentandra (whole plant) did not show any decrease in the acid or pepsin content or any increase in mucin; however, it showed a highly significant decrease in the ulcer index [11].
  • The chloroform fraction of Trianthema portulacastrum L. has been found to be very effective in restoring glutathione levels and the levels of Phase I (cytochrome P-450 monooxygenase) and Phase II (UDPGT) enzymes, which undergo substantial changes during chemical rat hepatocarcinogenesis [10].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Aizoaceae


  1. Inhibition of early DNA-damage and chromosomal aberrations by Trianthema portulacastruml. In carbon tetrachloride-induced mouse liver damage. Sarkar, A., Pradhan, S., Mukhopadhyay, I., Bose, S.K., Roy, S., Chatterjee, M. Cell Biol. Int. (1999) [Pubmed]
  2. Detection of beet yellows virus by RT-PCR and immunocapture RT-PCR in Tetragonia expansa and Beta vulgaris. Kundu, K., Rysánek, P. Acta Virol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  3. Evolutionary radiation of "stone plants" in the genus Argyroderma (Aizoaceae): unraveling the effects of landscape, habitat, and flowering time. Ellis, A.G., Weis, A.E., Gaut, B.S. Evolution (2006) [Pubmed]
  4. Zygocactus virus X-based expression vectors and formation of rod-shaped virus-like particles in plants by the expressed coat proteins of Beet necrotic yellow vein virus and Soil-borne cereal mosaic virus. Koenig, R., Lesemann, D.E., Loss, S., Engelmann, J., Commandeur, U., Deml, G., Schiemann, J., Aust, H., Burgermeister, W. J. Gen. Virol. (2006) [Pubmed]
  5. Detection of beet yellows closterovirus methyltransferase-like and helicase-like proteins in vivo using monoclonal antibodies. Erokhina, T.N., Zinovkin, R.A., Vitushkina, M.V., Jelkmann, W., Agranovsky, A.A. J. Gen. Virol. (2000) [Pubmed]
  6. Cadmium effects on growth and mineral nutrition of two halophytes: Sesuvium portulacastrum and Mesembryanthemum crystallinum. Ghnaya, T., Nouairi, I., Slama, I., Messedi, D., Grignon, C., Abdelly, C., Ghorbel, M.H. J. Plant Physiol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  7. Trianthenol: an antifungal tetraterpenoid from Trianthema portulacastrum (Aizoaceae). Nawaz, H.R., Malik, A., Ali, M.S. Phytochemistry (2001) [Pubmed]
  8. Protective role of Trianthema portulacastrum against diethylnitrosoamine-induced experimental hepatocarcinogenesis. Bhattacharya, S., Chatterjee, M. Cancer Lett. (1998) [Pubmed]
  9. Antihepatotoxic potential of Trianthema portulacastrum in carbon tetrachloride-induced chronic hepatocellular injury in mice: reflection in haematological, histological and biochemical characteristics. Mandal, A., Karmakar, R., Bandyopadhyay, S., Chatterjee, M. Arch. Pharm. Res. (1998) [Pubmed]
  10. Trianthema portulacastrum restores the antioxidant defense enzyme levels and hepatic biotransformation patterns in experimental rat hepatocarcinogenesis. Bhattacharya, S., Chatterjee, M. Ital. J. Biochem. (1998) [Pubmed]
  11. Anti-ulcerogenic evaluation of the methanolic extracts of some indigenous medicinal plants of Pakistan in aspirin-ulcerated rats. Akhtar, A.H., Ahmad, K.U. Journal of ethnopharmacology. (1995) [Pubmed]
  12. Brine shrimp bioassay of ethanol extracts of Sesuvium verrucosum, Salsola baryosma and Zygophyllum quatarense medicinal plants from Bahrain. Taha, A., Alsayed, H. Phytotherapy research : PTR. (2000) [Pubmed]
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