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Disease relevance of Beijerinckiaceae


High impact information on Beijerinckiaceae

  • A mutant strain of Beijerinckia, after growth with succinate plus biphenyl, contains an enzyme system that oxidizes benzo [a] pyrene and benzo [a] anthracene to mixtures of vicinal dihydrodiols [4].
  • Cunninghamella elegans and a mutant strain (B8/36) of Beijerinckia both oxidized dibenzofuran to 2,3-dihydroxy-2,3-dihydrodibenzofuran [5].
  • Representatives of the genus Beijerinckia are known as heterotrophic, dinitrogen-fixing bacteria which utilize a wide range of multicarbon compounds [6].
  • Here we show that at least one of the currently known species of this genus, i.e., Beijerinckia mobilis, is also capable of methylotrophic metabolism coupled with the ribulose bisphosphate (RuBP) pathway of C1 assimilation [6].
  • A bacterium isolated from a polluted stream, capable of metabolizing biphenyl, naphthalene, phenanthrene, and higher-molecular-weight polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (D. Gibson, V. Mahadevan, D. Jerina, H. Yagi, and H. Yeh, Science 189:295-297, 1975), was previously identified as Beijerinckia sp. strain B1 [7].

Chemical compound and disease context of Beijerinckiaceae


Biological context of Beijerinckiaceae

  • In this investigation, 16S rRNA gene sequencing, biochemical tests, fatty acid methyl ester analysis, polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of protein, and DNA-DNA hybridization were used to determine the taxonomic relationship of Beijerinckia sp. strain B1 [7].
  • A Beijerinckia species, capable of oxidizing phenanthrene, biphenyl and other polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, was shown to contain two plasmids that were designated pKGl and pKG2 [11].


  1. Role of dissolution rate and solubility in biodegradation of aromatic compounds. Stucki, G., Alexander, M. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. (1987) [Pubmed]
  2. Oxidation of 6,7-dihydro-5H-benzocycloheptene by bacterial strains expressing naphthalene dioxygenase, biphenyl dioxygenase, and toluene dioxygenase yields homochiral monol or cis-diol enantiomers as major products. Resnick, S.M., Gibson, D.T. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. (1996) [Pubmed]
  3. Oxidation of 2-methoxynaphthalene by toluene, naphthalene and biphenyl dioxygenases:structure and absolute stereochemistry of metabolites. Whited, G.M., Downie, J.C., Hudlicky, T., Fearnley, S.P., Dudding, T.C., Olivo, H.F., Parker, D. Bioorg. Med. Chem. (1994) [Pubmed]
  4. Oxidation of the carcinogens benzo [a] pyrene and benzo [a] anthracene to dihydrodiols by a bacterium. Gibson, D.T., Mahadevan, V., Jerina, D.M., Yogi, H., Yeh, H.J. Science (1975) [Pubmed]
  5. Bacterial and fungal oxidation of dibenzofuran. Cerniglia, C.E., Morgan, J.C., Gibson, D.T. Biochem. J. (1979) [Pubmed]
  6. Methylotrophic autotrophy in Beijerinckia mobilis. Dedysh, S.N., Smirnova, K.V., Khmelenina, V.N., Suzina, N.E., Liesack, W., Trotsenko, Y.A. J. Bacteriol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  7. Reclassification of a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon-metabolizing bacterium, Beijerinckia sp. strain B1, as Sphingomonas yanoikuyae by fatty acid analysis, protein pattern analysis, DNA-DNA hybridization, and 16S ribosomal DNA sequencing. Khan, A.A., Wang, R.F., Cao, W.W., Franklin, W., Cerniglia, C.E. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. (1996) [Pubmed]
  8. Molecular and biochemical characterization of two meta-cleavage dioxygenases involved in biphenyl and m-xylene degradation by Beijerinckia sp. strain B1. Kim, E., Zylstra, G.J. J. Bacteriol. (1995) [Pubmed]
  9. Bacterial oxidation of the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons acenaphthene and acenaphthylene. Schocken, M.J., Gibson, D.T. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. (1984) [Pubmed]
  10. Metabolism of dibenzothiophene by a Beijerinckia species. Laborde, A.L., Gibson, D.T. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. (1977) [Pubmed]
  11. Plasmid involvement in the degradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons by a Beijerinckia species. Kiyohara, H., Sugiyama, M., Mondello, F.J., Gibson, D.T., Yano, K. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. (1983) [Pubmed]
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