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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
MeSH Review

Peer Group

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Disease relevance of Peer Group


Psychiatry related information on Peer Group


High impact information on Peer Group

  • Patients were assigned to receive directly observed isoniazid preventive therapy twice weekly (Supervised group, n = 99), daily self-administered isoniazid with peer counseling and education (Peer group, n = 101), or routine care (Routine group, n = 100) [4].
  • Effects of peer-group intervention on metabolic control of adolescents with IDDM. Randomized outpatient study [5].
  • By using two human sera at different concentrations, we could calculate the constant and the proportional calibration bias displayed by each peer group [6].
  • In eight unique challenges mailed by The College of American Pathologists Comprehensive Chemistry Survey to participating laboratories within 3 years, results for direct-reacting bilirubin (DBIL) were highly variable among the 12 largest peer groups, and most of the results differed greatly from the values obtained by a referred method [7].
  • PATIENTS: We analysed data from 135 prepubertal children: (1) 14 GH-deficient children; (2) 36 children with short stature (2-3 SD below their peer group mean); (3) 57 children with very short stature (3-4 SD below their peer group mean); and (4) a reference group of 28 children with normal stature (+/- 2 SD) [8].

Chemical compound and disease context of Peer Group


Gene context of Peer Group

  • Moreover, the relationship between deviant peer affiliation and substance use was stronger for adolescents with ADHD, suggesting that once they are immersed in a deviant peer group, adolescents with ADHD are more vulnerable to the negative social influences of that group [3].
  • We therefore hypothesized that hybrid infants would exhibit more behavioral and adrenocortical reactivity in the home cage and during social separations, would be less sociable in their peer groups, and would exhibit lower CSF 5-HIAA levels than Indian-derived monkeys [14].
  • Boys with epilepsy had limited peer group activities, and parents conferred fewer responsibilities to school age and adolescent children compared to controls [15].
  • Comparisons were made with USA normative peer groups, and the U3A sample scored as well as, or better than, their American peers [16].
  • 'Free to be' peer group supports patients with MPD/DD [17].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Peer Group


  1. Radiologist review versus group peer review of claimed responses in a phase II study on high-dose ifosfamide in advanced soft tissue sarcomas of the adult: a study of the EORTC Soft Tissue and Bone Sarcoma Group. Gwyther, S.J., Nielsen, O.S., Judson, I.R., van Glabbeke, M., Verweij, J. Anticancer Drugs (2000) [Pubmed]
  2. Dietary intakes in adult patients with cystic fibrosis--do they achieve guidelines? White, H., Morton, A.M., Peckham, D.G., Conway, S.P. J. Cyst. Fibros. (2004) [Pubmed]
  3. Childhood ADHD and adolescent substance use: an examination of deviant peer group affiliation as a risk factor. Marshal, M.P., Molina, B.S., Pelham, W.E. Psychology of addictive behaviors : journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors. (2003) [Pubmed]
  4. A randomized, controlled trial of interventions to improve adherence to isoniazid therapy to prevent tuberculosis in injection drug users. Chaisson, R.E., Barnes, G.L., Hackman, J., Watkinson, L., Kimbrough , L., Metha, S., Cavalcante, S., Moore, R.D. Am. J. Med. (2001) [Pubmed]
  5. Effects of peer-group intervention on metabolic control of adolescents with IDDM. Randomized outpatient study. Anderson, B.J., Wolf, F.M., Burkhart, M.T., Cornell, R.G., Bacon, G.E. Diabetes Care (1989) [Pubmed]
  6. Creatinine measurement proficiency testing: assignment of matrix-adjusted ID GC-MS target values. Carobene, A., Ferrero, C., Ceriotti, F., Modenese, A., Besozzi, M., de Giorgi, E., Franzin, M., Franzini, C., Kienle, M.G., Magni, F. Clin. Chem. (1997) [Pubmed]
  7. "Direct" and total bilirubin tests: contemporary problems. Lott, J.A., Doumas, B.T. Clin. Chem. (1993) [Pubmed]
  8. Circadian variation of plasma cortisol in prepubertal children with normal stature, short stature and growth hormone deficiency. Hermida, R.C., García, L., Ayala, D.E., Fernández, J.R. Clin. Endocrinol. (Oxf) (1999) [Pubmed]
  9. Plasma cortisol levels and dominance in peer groups of rhesus monkey weanlings. Golub, M.S., Sassenrath, E.N., Goo, G.P. Hormones and behavior. (1979) [Pubmed]
  10. Effects of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin on behavior of monkeys in peer groups. Schantz, S.L., Ferguson, S.A., Bowman, R.E. Neurotoxicology and teratology. (1992) [Pubmed]
  11. Inhibition of ovarian function in subordinate female marmoset monkeys (Callithrix jacchus jacchus). Abbott, D.H., McNeilly, A.S., Lunn, S.F., Hulme, M.J., Burden, F.J. J. Reprod. Fertil. (1981) [Pubmed]
  12. Matrix effects on proficiency testing materials. Impact on accuracy of cholesterol measurement in laboratories in the nation's largest hospital system. Naito, H.K., Kwak, Y.S., Hartfiel, J.L., Park, J.K., Travers, E.M., Myers, G.L., Ross, J.W., Eckfeldt, J.H., Hartmann, A.E. Arch. Pathol. Lab. Med. (1993) [Pubmed]
  13. The accuracy of laboratory measurements in clinical chemistry: a study of 11 routine chemistry analytes in the College of American Pathologists Chemistry Survey with fresh frozen serum, definitive methods, and reference methods. Ross, J.W., Miller, W.G., Myers, G.L., Praestgaard, J. Arch. Pathol. Lab. Med. (1998) [Pubmed]
  14. Behavioral and physiological characteristics of Indian and Chinese-Indian hybrid rhesus macaque infants. Champoux, M., Higley, J.D., Suomi, S.J. Developmental psychobiology. (1997) [Pubmed]
  15. Social integration of children with epilepsy in rural India. Pal, D.K., Chaudhury, G., Sengupta, S., Das, T. Social science & medicine (1982) (2002) [Pubmed]
  16. Membership of the University of the Third Age (U3A) and perceived well-being. Mitchell, R.A., Legge, V., Sinclair-Legge, G. Disability and rehabilitation. (1997) [Pubmed]
  17. 'Free to be' peer group supports patients with MPD/DD. Dallam, S., Manderino, M.A. Journal of psychosocial nursing and mental health services. (1997) [Pubmed]
  18. Black and white adolescent females' perceptions of ideal body size. Parnell, K., Sargent, R., Thompson, S.H., Duhe, S.F., Valois, R.F., Kemper, R.C. The Journal of school health. (1996) [Pubmed]
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