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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

The expression of MMP-8 in human odontoblasts and dental pulp cells is down-regulated by TGF-beta1.

Recent findings show that matrix metalloproteinase-8 (MMP-8) is expressed, in addition to neutrophils, by human chondrocytes, cultured fibroblasts, and endothelial cells. We investigated the expression of MMP-8 in other human mesenchyme-derived cells, odontoblasts, and pulp tissue. Odontoblasts and pulp tissue were collected from extracted human teeth for MMP-8 mRNA analysis with reverse-transcription/polymerase chain-reaction (RT-PCR) and Southern blot. The expression, localization, and secretion of MMP-8 protein were studied with Western blot, immunohistochemistry, and immunofluorometric assay. The effect of TGF-beta1 (10 ng/mL) on the expression, secretion, and concentration of secreted MMP-8 was studied by odontoblast and pulp tissue culture methods (Tjäderhane et al., 1998a). RT-PCR demonstrated MMP-8 mRNA expression in native and cultured odontoblasts and pulp tissue and cultured pulp fibroblasts, with a 522-bp transcript comparable with that of bone marrow cells. The specificity of PCR was confirmed with Southern blot. Western blot with MMP-8-specific antibody detected 65- and 50-kDa proteins in native samples, representing latent and active forms of mesenchymal-type MMP-8, and in the conditioned odontoblast culture media, 50-kDa protein was observed. TGF-beta down-regulated the MMP-8 mRNA and concentration of secreted protein in both cultures. Immunohistochemical staining detected MMP-8 in odontoblasts. These findings indicate that mesenchyme-derived cells of the dentin-pulp complex express, synthesize, and activate MMP-8, which may, in concert with odontoblast-derived gelatinases, participate in organization of dentin organic matrix prior to mineralization.[1]

References

  1. The expression of MMP-8 in human odontoblasts and dental pulp cells is down-regulated by TGF-beta1. Palosaari, H., Wahlgren, J., Larmas, M., Rönkä, H., Sorsa, T., Salo, T., Tjäderhane, L. J. Dent. Res. (2000) [Pubmed]
 
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