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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Chemokines induce eosinophil degranulation through CCR-3.

BACKGROUND: Such CC chemokines as eotaxin and RANTES induce preferential eosinophil recruitment in allergic inflammation. They also elicit proinflammatory effector functions of eosinophils, such as enhanced adhesion and superoxide generation. Eosinophil degranulation by chemokines, however, has not been studied in detail. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify chemokines and their corresponding receptors that induce eosinophil degranulation by using a panel of chemokines and blocking antibodies to candidate receptors. METHODS: Highly purified eosinophils were preloaded with Fura-2 and stimulated with a panel of chemokine ligands for 14 known chemokine receptors: CCR1 to CCR8, CXCR1 to CXCR4, CX3CR1, and XCR1. Calcium influx was measured with fluorescence spectrometry. Eosinophils were also stimulated with the chemokines in the presence or absence of IL-5, and levels of eosinophil-derived neurotoxin were measured in the supernatant with RIA. Specific antibodies to chemokine receptors were used to block degranulation. RESULTS: Calcium influx was induced by monocyte chemotactic protein (MCP) 1, MCP-3, MCP-4, RANTES, eotaxin, IL-8, and stromal cell-derived factor 1alpha, which are chemokines that bind several chemokine receptors. However, degranulation was induced only by CCR3 ligands, including MCP-3, MCP-4, RANTES, and eotaxin. Priming of eosinophils with IL-5 enhanced CCR3 ligand- induced degranulation but did not cause non-CCR3 ligands to induce eosinophil-derived neurotoxin release. An antibody against CCR3 significantly inhibited degranulation induced by CCR3 ligands, eotaxin, or RANTES. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that chemokine-induced eosinophil degranulation, a major effector of eosinophil functions, is mediated through only CCR3, although some non-CCR3 ligands induce calcium influx in eosinophils. CCR3 may be an important target in the treatment of eosinophilic inflammation.[1]


  1. Chemokines induce eosinophil degranulation through CCR-3. Fujisawa, T., Kato, Y., Nagase, H., Atsuta, J., Terada, A., Iguchi, K., Kamiya, H., Morita, Y., Kitaura, M., Kawasaki, H., Yoshie, O., Hirai, K. J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. (2000) [Pubmed]
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