The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Expression of fatty-acid-handling proteins in human adipose tissue in relation to obesity and insulin resistance.

AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Protein-mediated trans-membrane and intracellular fatty acid trafficking are becoming increasingly recognised as biochemically and physiologically important concepts. Obesity and insulin resistance are polygenic disorders, heavily influenced by environmental and life-style factors, and are virtually always associated with disturbed fatty acid metabolism in adipose and other tissues. The aim of this study was to investigate mRNA expression levels of fatty-acid-handling proteins in adipose tissue in relation to markers of genetic and acquired obesity and insulin resistance. METHODS: We quantified mRNA expression of subcutaneous adipose tissue fatty-acid-handling proteins (ALBP, KLBP, FATP1, FATP4, CD36, ACS1) in 17 monozygotic twin-pairs with a range of intra-pair differences ( Delta) in BMI and detailed measures of obesity and insulin resistance, allowing influences of genetic and non-genetic factors to be distinguished. RESULTS: In acquired obesity FATP4 expression was up-regulated independently of genetic background (DeltaFATP4 versus DeltaBMI; r=0.50, p=0.04; DeltaFATP4 versus Deltabody fat; r=0.59, p=0.01). Similarly, CD36 and FATP1 expression correlated with acquired differences in HDL cholesterol and non-esterified fatty acid concentrations respectively. Moreover, FATP4 and CD36 expression levels correlated with measures of obesity and insulin resistance that are influenced by both genetic and non-genetic factors (FATP4 versus BMI: r=0.53, p=0.0001; FATP4 versus body fat: r=0.51, p=0.002; FATP4 versus homeostasis model assessment [HOMA]: r=0.49, p=0.001; CD36 versus BMI: r=0.50, p=0.02; CD36 versus body fat: r=0.63, p=0.001; CD36 versus HOMA: r=0.34, p=0.06). CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION: These findings indicate that expression of specific adipose tissue fatty-acid-handling proteins is related to obesity and insulin resistance, and that, in particular, FATP4 plays a role in acquired obesity. Our results suggest that facilitated fatty acid trafficking is a physiologically and pathologically relevant phenomenon in man.[1]


  1. Expression of fatty-acid-handling proteins in human adipose tissue in relation to obesity and insulin resistance. Gertow, K., Pietiläinen, K.H., Yki-Järvinen, H., Kaprio, J., Rissanen, A., Eriksson, P., Hamsten, A., Fisher, R.M. Diabetologia (2004) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities