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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Monocyte chemotactic protein-1 regulates leukocyte recruitment during gastric ulcer recurrence induced by tumor necrosis factor-alpha.

TNF-alpha has numerous biological activities, including the induction of chemokine expression, and is involved in many gastric injuries. C-C chemokines [monocyte chemotactic protein (MCP)-1 and macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-1alpha] and C-X-C chemokines [MIP-2 and cytokine-induced neutrophil chemoattractant (CINC)-2alpha] mediate chemotaxis of monocytes and neutrophils, respectively. We examined the roles of TNF-alpha and dynamics of chemokine expression in gastric ulceration including ulcer recurrence and indomethacin-induced injury. Rats with healed chronic gastric ulcers received intraperitoneal TNF-alpha to induce ulcer recurrence. Some rats were given neutralizing antibodies against neutrophils or MCP-1 together with TNF-alpha. In a separate experiment, rats were orally administered 20 mg/kg indomethacin with or without pretreatment with pentoxifylline (an inhibitor of TNF-alpha synthesis) or anti-MCP-1 antibody. TNF-alpha (1 microg/kg) induced gastric ulcer recurrence after 48 h, which was completely prevented by anti-neutrophil antibody. TNF-alpha increased the number of macrophages and MCP-1 mRNA expression in scarred mucosa from 4 h, whereas it increased MPO activities (marker of neutrophil infiltration) and mRNA expression of MIP-2 and CINC-2alpha from 24 h. Anti-MCP-1 antibody inhibited leukocyte infiltration with reduction of the levels of C-X-C chemokines and prevented ulcer recurrence. Indomethacin treatment increased TNF-alpha/chemokine mRNA expression from 30 min and induced macroscopic erosions after 4 h. Pentoxifylline inhibited the indomethacin-induced gastric injury with reduction of neutrophil infiltration and expression of chemokine (MCP-1, MIP-2, and CINC-2alpha). Anti-MCP-1 antibody also inhibited the injury and these inflammatory responses but did not affect TNF-alpha mRNA expression. In conclusion, increased MCP-1 triggered by TNF-alpha may play a key role in gastric ulceration by regulating leukocyte recruitment and chemokine expression.[1]


  1. Monocyte chemotactic protein-1 regulates leukocyte recruitment during gastric ulcer recurrence induced by tumor necrosis factor-alpha. Watanabe, T., Higuchi, K., Hamaguchi, M., Shiba, M., Tominaga, K., Fujiwara, Y., Matsumoto, T., Arakawa, T. Am. J. Physiol. Gastrointest. Liver Physiol. (2004) [Pubmed]
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