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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Antioxidant properties of cystic fibrosis sputum.

Oxidative stress is a likely contributor to the pathogenesis of cystic fibrosis ( CF) lung disease. However, hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)), a physiological oxidant, is not elevated in CF exhalates. H(2)O(2) may be neutralized by antioxidants in CF airway secretions. The H(2)O(2)-detoxifying capacity of CF airway secretions, obtained via sputum induction, was studied in an in vitro H(2)O(2) cytotoxicity model. 16HBE14o- cells were exposed to H(2)O(2) in culture medium containing either 0 or 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS) or 10% CF sputum supernatant (extracted without use of dithiothreitol). The efficiency of H(2)O(2) neutralization was estimated by measuring intracellular oxidant levels (dihydrorhodamine 123) after 2 h and cell viability (propidium iodide) after 24 h of H(2)O(2) exposure. Furthermore, the presence of reduced thiols (DTNB assay) and reduced glutathione (recycling assay) in CF sputum samples was evaluated. CF sputum extracts completely prevented intracellular oxidant accumulation seen in cells incubated with H(2)O(2) in both control media (i.e., 0 or 10% FBS). Furthermore, CF sputum abolished cell death in 16HBE14o- cells exposed to up to 1 mM H(2)O(2). In contrast, there was 100% cytotoxicity in cells exposed to 600 microM H(2)O(2) in both control media. The H(2)O(2)-detoxifying potential of CF sputum was sustained after catalase and heme peroxidases were inactivated by sodium azide, which does not affect glutathione peroxidase. In addition, reduced protein thiols were found in abundance in CF sputum. In conclusion, CF sputum is capable to neutralize H(2)O(2) and abundant reduced thiols and/or glutathione peroxidase are fully sufficient to detoxify H(2)O(2).[1]


  1. Antioxidant properties of cystic fibrosis sputum. Dauletbaev, N., Rickmann, J., Viel, K., Diegel, H., von Mallinckrodt, C., Stein, J., Wagner, T.O., Bargon, J. Am. J. Physiol. Lung Cell Mol. Physiol. (2005) [Pubmed]
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