The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The COOH-terminal end of R-Ras alters the motility and morphology of breast epithelial cells through Rho/Rho-kinase.

R-Ras has a high degree of sequence homology with Ras and other members of the Ras subfamily, including Rap, TC21, and M-Ras. Although R-Ras has been suggested to regulate cell adhesion, migration, and invasion, the biological mechanism has not been well assessed. In this report, we show that constitutively active R-Ras (38V) induces a more rounded cell shape and redistribution of focal adhesion, and enhances the phosphorylation of focal adhesion kinase and paxillin. Active R-Ras (38V) induces cell adhesion to type I collagen, but inhibits cell motility. In active R-Ras (38V) cells, the activity of RhoA is increased and accompanied with translocation to plasma membrane, but not that of Rac1 or Cdc42. In parallel, dominant-negative RhoA (N19RhoA) and Y27632, a specific inhibitor of Rho-associated kinase, dramatically reverse the rounded cell morphology to a spread cell shape and enhance motility. Furthermore, coincident with the formation of cortical actin filaments in active R-Ras (38V) cells, myosin light chain and Ser-19-phosphorylated myosin light chain mainly accumulate at the peripheral region, which is inhibited by the treatment of Y27632. Using H-Ras/R-Ras and R-Ras/H-Ras hybrid constructs, we show that the COOH-terminal region of R-Ras contains the specific signal for inducing changes in motility and morphology. Our results suggest that R-Ras in breast epithelial cells disrupts cell polarity and motility through the Rho/ Rho-associated kinase pathway triggered by a signal from the COOH-terminal end of R-Ras.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities