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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Peptide-containing nerve fibers in the stomach wall of rat and mouse.

Peptide-containing nerve fibers were found to be numerous in the glandular stomach of the rat and mouse. The immunoreactive neuropeptides demonstrated included vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP), peptide histidine isoleucine (PHI), gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP), substance P ( SP), enkephalin, somatostatin, cholecystokinin, and neuropeptide Y (NPY). The density and distribution of the various peptide-containing fibers did not differ overtly between the pyloric and oxyntic gland areas except for the GRP fibers, which were fewer in the pyloric than in the oxyntic mucosa. The entire VIP nerve fiber population was found to also contain PHI. Immunoreactive NPY was found to occur in the VIP/PHI fibers (VIP/PHI/NPY fibers) in the smooth muscle and intramural ganglia of both rat and mouse and in the mucosa of the mouse. Mucosal VIP/PHI fibers in the rat did not contain any NPY-like material. Perivascular NPY fibers in both species and mucosal NPY fibers in the rat did not contain VIP or PHI. The mucosa harbored numerous GRP fibers and VIP/PHI (rat) or VIP/PHI/NPY (mouse) fibers, and a modest number of NPY (rat) and SP fibers. In the submucosa the peptide-containing nerve fibers were found mainly in the ganglia and around blood vessels. Blood vessels received a rich supply of NPY fibers; the number of perivascular VIP/PHI, GRP, and SP fibers was much lower by comparison. The smooth muscle and myenteric ganglia harbored not only VIP/PHI/NPY, GRP, and SP fibers but also enkephalin, somatostatin, and cholecystokinin fibers. Gastrin-releasing peptide, VIP/PHI/NPY, SP, and enkephalin nerve cell bodies occurred in the myenteric ganglia. As studied in the rat, vagal denervation did not affect the density and distribution of the various peptide-containing nerve fibers. After sympathectomy, mucosal and perivascular NPY fibers disappeared. The other types of peptide-containing nerve fibers were not affected.[1]


  1. Peptide-containing nerve fibers in the stomach wall of rat and mouse. Ekblad, E., Ekelund, M., Graffner, H., Håkanson, R., Sundler, F. Gastroenterology (1985) [Pubmed]
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