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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effects of the natural flavonoid delphinidin on diabetic microangiopathy.

The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of the flavonoid delphinidin chloride ( CAS 528-53-0, IdB 1056) on diabetic microangiopathy. Hamsters were injected with alloxan and cheek pouch microcirculation was observed by a fluorescent microscopy technique 90 days from alloxan. The increase in permeability, the number of adhering leukocytes to venular vessel wall and vasodilatory responses to acetylcholine (Ach) and sodium nitroprusside (SNP) were measured. In diabetic group microvascular permeability and the number of sticking leukocytes to the venular endothelium were increased. Vasoconstriction by Ach was observed while the vasodilation by SNP was significantly attenuated in diabetic animals. These results are consistent for a decreased relaxation and suggest also an impairment in the smooth muscle cell function in diabetic arterioles. IdB 1056 exhibited an inhibitory effect on increased microvascular permeability and on leukocytes adhering to the venular vessels. Indeed, the treatment with IdB 1056 in diabetic hamsters pretreated or not with indometacin, a cyclooxygenase inhibitor, restored the relaxant responses to Ach and SNP. In conclusion, the effects of IdB 1056 observed in vivo at the microcirculatory level prevent the injury to endothelial cell function associated with diabetes and/or oxidative stress.[1]


  1. Effects of the natural flavonoid delphinidin on diabetic microangiopathy. Bertuglia, S., Malandrino, S., Colantuoni, A. Arzneimittel-Forschung. (1995) [Pubmed]
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