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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Antihypertensive therapy augments endothelium-dependent relaxations in coronary arteries of spontaneously hypertensive rats.

BACKGROUND: Coronary artery disease is an important complication of hypertension. Therefore, the effects of antihypertensive therapy on the endothelial nitric oxide (NO)/L-arginine pathway and vascular smooth muscle were studied in left anterior descending coronary arteries of Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Angiotensin II ( AT1) receptor antagonists CGP 48369 and valsartan, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor benazepril HCl, and calcium antagonist nifedipine were used as antihypertensive agents. METHODS AND RESULTS: Rings were examined in myograph systems for isometric tension recording. In untreated WKY and SHR rings, acetylcholine (10(-9) to 10(-5) mol/L) but not bradykinin, substance P (both 10(-6) mol/L), or thrombin (1 U/mL) induced comparable endothelium-dependent relaxations. These relaxations were markedly decreased by NG-monomethyl-L-arginine (10(-4) mol/L) and fully prevented by N omega-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (10(-4) mol/L) or methylene blue (10(-5) mol/L). In vitro treatment of WKY and SHR rings with benazeprilat, CGP 48369, or valsartan (3 x 10(-7) mol/L) did not affect responses to acetylcholine. In SHR, chronic therapy for 8 weeks with benazepril HCl, CGP 48369, valsartan, or nifedipine (each 10 PO) similarly reduced blood pressure and increased endothelium-dependent relaxations to acetylcholine (log shift at IC50, ie, half-maximal inhibition of a preceding contraction, 10-, 8-, 13-, and 13-fold, P < .05 versus control), whereas relaxations to the NO donor 3-morpholino sydnonimine (SIN-1, 10(-9) to 10(-5) mol/L) remained unaffected. In WKY, chronic therapy with nifedipine (10 PO) affected neither blood pressure nor relaxations to acetylcholine or SIN-1. CONCLUSIONS: In rat coronary arteries, NO is synthesized via the endothelial L-arginine pathway and released after stimulation with acetylcholine. In SHR, chronic antihypertensive therapy with either angiotensin receptor antagonists, an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, or a calcium antagonist specifically increased the normal endothelium-dependent relaxations to acetylcholine, probably because of their blood pressure-lowering effects, whereas the responsiveness of vascular smooth muscle to NO remained unaffected.[1]


  1. Antihypertensive therapy augments endothelium-dependent relaxations in coronary arteries of spontaneously hypertensive rats. Tschudi, M.R., Criscione, L., Novosel, D., Pfeiffer, K., Lüscher, T.F. Circulation (1994) [Pubmed]
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