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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Human leukaemic (HMC-1) and normal skin mast cells express beta 2-integrins: characterization of beta 2-integrins and ICAM-1 on HMC-1 cells.

Mast cells are bone marrow-derived, ubiquitous connective tissue resident cells. However, their mechanisms of migration, the distribution of immature and mature cells and their interaction with other inflammatory cells are largely unclarified. Possibly, beta 2-integrins play an important role in these processes. In the present investigation, the authors studied the expression and regulation of the beta 2-integrins LFA-1 (CD11a/CD18), Mac-1 (CD11b/CD18), p150,95 (CD11c/CD18) and of the LFA-1/Mac-1 counter-receptor intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1; CD54) on leukaemic (HMC-1 cell subclone 5C6) and on normal mature human skin mast cells. The HMC-1 cells clearly expressed CD11a, CD18 and CD54, while expression of CD11b and CD11c was low. The apparent molecular weights were 180 kDa (CD11a), 95 kDa (CD18) and 90 kDa ( CD54) as determined by Western blot analysis. Phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) induced a time- and dose-dependent up-regulation of CD11a, CD11b, CD11c, CD18 and CD54 that was inhibited by cycloheximide, suggesting a dependence on de novo protein synthesis. Enhanced expression of CD11a, CD11b, CD11c and CD18 could also be confirmed at the gene level as demonstrated by semi-quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Increased expression of LFA-1/ICAM-1 in response to PMA was accompanied by strong enhancement of homotypic cell aggregation, suggesting that newly synthesized LFA-1/ICAM-1 is functionally active. In order to determine a physiologically relevant way of mast cell beta 2-integrin modulation, several cytokines and chemotactic mediators (interleukin-4, IL-4; nerve growth factor beta, NGF beta; C5a; and leukotriene B4, LTB4) were tested for their influence on adhesion molecule cell surface density. Only LTB4 was shown specifically to up-regulate CD11a and CD18, but not CD11b or CD11c. The presence of CD11a, CD11c and CD18 could be confirmed on a low percentage of normal skin mast cells by immunofluorescence, using a double staining technique. In comparison to normal skin, a significantly higher percentage of CD18+ mast cells was found in inflammatory dermatoses such as psoriasis vulgaris, atopic dermatitis and lichen planus. Therefore, mast cell beta 2-integrins possibly play an important role during homing of immature mast cells as well as during the interaction of activated mast cells with other inflammatory cells.[1]


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