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Chemical Compound Review

Monosan     2-(2,4- dichlorophenoxy)ethanoic acid; N...

Synonyms: Herbitex, Phordene, Amicide, Morselect, Aminol, ...
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Disease relevance of Decamine

  • There were no nervous system pathologic changes although the rats were exposed to sufficient amounts of 2,4-D amine to cause severe skin lesions, decreased body weights, and increased kidney weights [1].
  • In this second in a series of famous historic personages who suffered from ear disease (see Yardley M, Rutka J. Troy, Mycenae, and the Otologic Demise of Herr Heinrich Schliemann. J Otolaryngol 1998; 27:217-221), we review the life and otology-related death of the legendary playwright Oscar Wilde [2].

High impact information on Decamine

  • Seed plant phylogeny: Demise of the anthophyte hypothesis [3]?
  • Oxamflatin [(2E)-5-[3-[(phenylsufonyl) aminol phenyl]-pent-2-en-4-ynohydroxamic acid] induces transcriptional activation of junD and morphological reversion in various NIH3T3-derived transformed cell lines [4].
  • The hydroxylation of the methyl group at N-3 yields the corresponding aminol, some of which is covalently bonded to a water-soluble compound [5].
  • The Premature Demise of Public Child and Adolescent Inpatient Psychiatric Beds : Part II: Challenges and Implications [6].
  • A 90-min treatment with 2.0-10.0 microg/ml 2,4-D and 2,4-D DMA produced dose-dependent increases in the frequency of DNA-strand breaks detected in the SCGE assay, both in cultures harvested immediately after treatment and in cultures harvested 36 h later [7].

Biological context of Decamine


Anatomical context of Decamine


Associations of Decamine with other chemical compounds


Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Decamine

  • 65Zn retention was considerably higher in both groups fed low-Zn formula (40%) than in the control group (20%), whereas plasma Zn levels were normal in all infants [10].


  1. Lack of neuropathologic consequences of repeated dermal exposure to 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid in rats. Mattsson, J.L., Johnson, K.A., Albee, R.R. Fundamental and applied toxicology : official journal of the Society of Toxicology. (1986) [Pubmed]
  2. The irony of being Oscar: the legendary life and death of Oscar Wilde. Mai, R., Rutka, J. The Journal of otolaryngology. (2000) [Pubmed]
  3. Seed plant phylogeny: Demise of the anthophyte hypothesis? Donoghue, M.J., Doyle, J.A. Curr. Biol. (2000) [Pubmed]
  4. Oxamflatin is a novel antitumor compound that inhibits mammalian histone deacetylase. Kim, Y.B., Lee, K.H., Sugita, K., Yoshida, M., Horinouchi, S. Oncogene (1999) [Pubmed]
  5. Urinary metabolites of 3,3-dimethyl-1-phenyltriazene. Kolar, G.F., Schlesiger, J. Chem. Biol. Interact. (1976) [Pubmed]
  6. The Premature Demise of Public Child and Adolescent Inpatient Psychiatric Beds : Part II: Challenges and Implications. Geller, J.L., Biebel, K. The Psychiatric quarterly (2006) [Pubmed]
  7. Genotoxicity of the herbicide 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic and a commercial formulation, 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid dimethylamine salt. I. Evaluation of DNA damage and cytogenetic endpoints in Chinese Hamster ovary (CHO) cells. González, M., Soloneski, S., Reigosa, M.A., Larramendy, M.L. Toxicology in vitro : an international journal published in association with BIBRA. (2005) [Pubmed]
  8. Effects of 2,4-dichlorophenoxy acetic acid dimethyl amine salt on dental hard tissue formation in rats. Alpöz, A.R., Tosun, N., Eronat, C., Delen, N., Sen, B.H. Environment international. (2001) [Pubmed]
  9. Nitrile butyl rubber glove permeation of pesticide formulations containing 2,4-D-amine, DDT, DEET, and Diazinon. Moody, R.P., Nadeau, B. Bulletin of environmental contamination and toxicology. (1994) [Pubmed]
  10. Effect of infant formula zinc and iron level on zinc absorption, zinc status, and immune function in infant rhesus monkeys. Polberger, S., Fletcher, M.P., Graham, T.W., Vruwink, K., Gershwin, M.E., Lönnerdal, B. J. Pediatr. Gastroenterol. Nutr. (1996) [Pubmed]
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